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The objective of this report was to develop a case definition of distal symmetric polyneuropathy to standardize and facilitate clinical research and epidemiologic studies. A formalized consensus process was employed to reach agreement after a systematic review and classification of evidence from the literature. The literature indicates that symptoms alone(More)
BACKGROUND Distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP) is the most common variety of neuropathy. Since the evaluation of this disorder is not standardized, the available literature was reviewed to provide evidence-based guidelines regarding the role of laboratory and genetic tests for the assessment of DSP. METHODS A literature review using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and(More)
Marijuana has been proposed as treatment for a widening spectrum of medical conditions. Marijuana is a substance with many properties that may be applicable to the management of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These include analgesia, muscle relaxation, bronchodilation, saliva reduction, appetite stimulation, and sleep induction. In addition, marijuana(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Hereditary Neuropathy is a heterogeneous syndrome associated with mutations in several different genes including peripheral myelin protein 22, myelin P0, connexin 32, and early growth response 2. There is considerable variability in the phenotypic expression of this syndrome and the relationship of this variability to mutation genotypes(More)
An open label trial of modafinil was conducted to determine whether it would be tolerated and effective in treating fatigue for people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Fifteen patients with ALS were treated for two weeks with either 200 mg or 400 mg of modafinil. Reported side effects of the medication were mild and included diarrhea, headache,(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether dystrophin-deficient mdx mice are more susceptible to muscle injury and functional impairment than normal C57 mice when allowed to exercise voluntarily on mouse wheels. The mdx mice were significantly impaired when compared to controls as shown by functional, contractile and morphometric responses. The(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP-22) gene are the most common cause of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy and may rarely occur in combination with other neurogenetic diseases. OBJECTIVE To characterize 3 families having a mutation in PMP-22 in addition to another neurogenetic disease mutation. DESIGN Clinical,(More)
This paper summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding exercise and neuromuscular diseases/disorders (NMDs) and reviews salient studies in the literature. Unfortunately, there is inadequate evidence in much of the NMDs to make specific recommendations regarding exercise prescriptions. This review focuses on the role of exercise in a few of the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal, progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of motor neurons.(1) Patients with ALS lose function in the limbs, speech, swallowing, and breathing muscles. The cause of the disease is still not known for most patients. Approximately 25,000 people in the United States have ALS, and 5,000 people(More)