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The NASA Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites (ARC-TAS) mission was conducted in two 3-week deployments based in Alaska (April 2008) and western Canada (June–July 2008). Its goal was to better understand the factors driving current changes in Arctic atmospheric composition and climate , including (1) influx of(More)
Swimming is a sport that requires considerable training commitment to reach individual performance goals. Nutrition requirements are specific to the macrocycle, microcycle, and individual session. Swimmers should ensure suitable energy availability to support training while maintaining long term health. Carbohydrate intake, both over the day and in relation(More)
Aerosols interact with optical radiation in a complicated way, but in a way that can be described through the methods of electromagnetic theory. By applying constrained linear inversion methods one can recover an estimate for the size spectrum of aerosols in the micron and submicron size range from measured optical data. The amount of information that can(More)
A polyclonal antiserum raised against the 145 kDa neurofilament protein (NFM) has been used to study the distribution of neurofilaments both in organotypic cultures of the early postnatal mouse cochlea and during development of the mouse cochlea in vivo. In the cultures, both the inner hair cells and the outer hair cells are stained by the antibodies, as(More)
In order to investigate how the auditory scene is analyzed and perceived, auditory spectrotemporal receptive fields (STRFs) are generally used as a convenient way to describe how frequency and temporal sound information is encoded. However, using broadband sounds to estimate STRFs imperfectly reflects the way neurons process complex stimuli like conspecific(More)
New Rayleigh-scattering optical thickness values for the terrestrial atmosphere in the 260 < lambda < 1500-nm wavelength range have been calculated using updated data on atmospheric optical parameters. The calculations include molecular scattering from water vapor and take into account varying atmospheric composition with altitude. The new(More)
Open-water swimming (OWS) is a rapidly developing discipline. Events of 5-25 km are featured at FINA World Championships, and the international circuit includes races of 5-88 km. The Olympic OWS event, introduced in 2008, is contested over 10 km. Differing venues present changing environmental conditions, including water and ambient temperatures, humidity,(More)
This study examined the influence the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) Sport Supplement Program had on supplement practices of elite Australian swimmers, comparing those guided by the Program with others in the same national team. Thirty-nine elite swimmers (13 AIS, 26 Other; 20 female, 19 male; age 21.8 ± 3.3 y) completed a questionnaire investigating(More)