Gregory S. H. Chan

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BACKGROUND Cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) are two important parameters of the cardiovascular system. The ability to measure these parameters continuously and noninvasively may assist in diagnosing and monitoring patients with suspected cardiovascular diseases, or other critical illnesses. In this study, a method is proposed to(More)
Traditional vital signs such as heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are often regarded as insensitive markers of mild to moderate blood loss. The present study investigated the feasibility of using pulse transit time (PTT) to track variations in pre-ejection period (PEP) during progressive central hypovolaemia induced by head-up tilt and evaluated the(More)
A rabbit model of endotoxaemia was employed to study the regional changes in photoplethysmogram (PPG) waveform and its low frequency fluctuations, and how they are related to the physiological events during the time course of endotoxic shock. Endotoxin (1 mg kg(-1) lipopolysaccharide) was injected into eight anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated(More)
Accurate systolic and diastolic pressure estimation, using automated blood pressure measurement, is difficult to achieve when the transduced signals are contaminated with noise or interference, such as movement artifact. This study presents an algorithm for automated signal quality assessment in blood pressure measurement by determining the feasibility of(More)
Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) classification is useful for the diagnosis and prognosis of critical pathophysiological conditions, with the ability to identify patients with abnormally high or low SVR of immense clinical value. In this study, a supervised classifier, based on Bayes' rule, is employed to classify a heterogeneous group of intensive care(More)
This paper reports changes in the spectral powers of finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability (PPGV) following hemodialysis compared to pre-dialysis. The results are based on data collected from 12 hemodynamically stable patients having regular hemodialysis thrice weekly. Six minutes of continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) and finger infra-red(More)
Sepsis is a potentially lethal condition, and is one of the major causes of death in non-coronary intensive care units. Sepsis syndrome progresses through a number of increasingly severe stages, from systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) through sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock. Each stage of sepsis is potentially characterized by differing(More)
The fundamental determinants of human dynamic cerebral autoregulation are poorly understood, particularly the role of vascular compliance and the myogenic response. We sought to 1) determine whether capacitive blood flow associated with vascular compliance and driven by the rate of change in mean arterial blood pressure (dMAP/dt) is an important determinant(More)
Left ventricular ejection time (LVET) is a useful measure of ventricular performance and preload. The present study explores a novel method of continuous LVET monitoring using a noninvasive finger photoplethysmographic pulse oximetry waveform (PPG-POW). A method for the automatic beat-to-beat detection of LVET from the finger PPG-POW is presented based on a(More)
This study investigates the peripheral circulatory and autonomic response to volume withdrawal in haemodialysis based on spectral analysis of photoplethysmographic waveform variability (PPGV). Frequency spectrum analysis was performed on the baseline and pulse amplitude variabilities of the finger infrared photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform and on heart(More)