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Sepsis has been defined as the systemic response to infection in critically ill patients, with severe sepsis and septic shock representing increasingly severe stages of the same disease. Based on the non-invasive cardiovascular spectrum analysis, this paper presents a pilot study on the potential use of the nonlinear support vector machine (SVM) in the(More)
Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) classification is useful for the diagnosis and prognosis of critical pathophysiological conditions, with the ability to identify patients with abnormally high or low SVR of immense clinical value. In this study, a supervised classifier, based on Bayes' rule, is employed to classify a heterogeneous group of intensive care(More)
The fundamental determinants of human dynamic cerebral autoregulation are poorly understood, particularly the role of vascular compliance and the myogenic response. We sought to 1) determine whether capacitive blood flow associated with vascular compliance and driven by the rate of change in mean arterial blood pressure (dMAP/dt) is an important determinant(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for cerebral circulation monitoring has gained popularity in the neonatal intensive care setting, with studies showing the possibility of identifying preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) by transfer function analysis of arterial blood pressure (BP) and NIRS measures. In this study, we examined a number of(More)
OBJECTIVE Traditional vital signs such as heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are often regarded as insensitive markers of mild to moderate blood loss. The present study investigated the feasibility of using pulse transit time (PTT) to track variations in pre-ejection period (PEP) during progressive central hypovolaemia induced by head-up tilt and(More)
Accurate systolic and diastolic pressure estimation, using automated blood pressure measurement, is difficult to achieve when the transduced signals are contaminated with noise or interference, such as movement artifact. This study presents an algorithm for automated signal quality assessment in blood pressure measurement by determining the feasibility of(More)
OBJECTIVES Early identification of haemorrhage is difficult when a bleeding site is not apparent. This study explored the potential use of the finger photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform derived left ventricular ejection time (LVET(p)) and pulse transit time (PTT) for detecting blood loss, by using blood donation as a model of controlled mild to moderate(More)
Low systemic vascular resistance (SVR) can be a useful indicator for early diagnosis of critical pathophysiological conditions such as sepsis, and the ability to identify low SVR from simple and noninvasive physiological signals is of immense clinical value. In this study, an SVR classification system is presented to recognize the occurrence of low SVR,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) are two important parameters of the cardiovascular system. The ability to measure these parameters continuously and noninvasively may assist in diagnosing and monitoring patients with suspected cardiovascular diseases, or other critical illnesses. In this study, a method is proposed to(More)
The Windkessel properties of the vasculature are known to play a significant role in buffering arterial pulsations, but their potential importance in dampening low-frequency fluctuations in cerebral blood flow has not been clearly examined. In this study, we quantitatively assessed the contribution of arterial Windkessel (peripheral compliance and(More)