Gregory S. H. Chan

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The Windkessel properties of the vasculature are known to play a significant role in buffering arterial pulsations, but their potential importance in dampening low-frequency fluctuations in cerebral blood flow has not been clearly examined. In this study, we quantitatively assessed the contribution of arterial Windkessel (peripheral compliance and(More)
Sepsis is associated with impairment in autonomic regulatory function. This work investigates the application of heart rate and photoplethysmogram (PPG) waveform variability analysis in differentiating two categories of sepsis, namely systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and severe sepsis. Electrocardiogram-derived heart period (RRi) and PPG(More)
Low frequency variability in the fingertip photoplethysmogram (PPG) waveform has been utilized for inferring sympathetic vascular control, but its relationship with a quantitative measure of vascular tone has not been established. In this study, we examined the association between fingertip PPG waveform variability (PPGV) and systemic vascular resistance(More)
This paper proposes a novel model-based control methodology for a computer-controlled hemodialysis system, designed to maintain the hemodynamic stability of end-stage renal failure patients undergoing fluid removal during hemodialysis. The first objective of this paper is to introduce a linear parameter varying system to model the hemodynamic response of(More)
BACKGROUND The insertion of Ventricular Assist Devices is a common strategy for cardiovascular support in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock. This study sought to determine the impact of ventricular assist devices on the dynamic relationship between arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity. METHODS A sample of 5 patients supported(More)
To maintain the hemodynamic stability of patient undergoing hemodialysis, this article proposes a novel model-based control methodology to regulate the changes in relative blood volume (RBV) and percentage change in heart rate (DeltaHR(%)) during hemodialysis by adjusting the ultrafiltration rate (UFR). The control algorithm uses model predictive control(More)
Cerebral blood flow responses to transient blood pressure challenges are frequently attributed to cerebral autoregulation (CA), yet accumulating evidence indicates vascular properties like compliance are also influential. We hypothesized that middle cerebral blood velocity (MCAv) dynamics during or following a transient blood pressure perturbation can be(More)
Very preterm infants are at high risk of death and serious permanent brain damage, as occurs with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) that quantifies the fractal correlation properties of physiological signals has been proposed as a potential method for clinical risk assessment. This study examined whether DFA of the(More)
A lumped parameter model of the cardiovascular system has been developed and optimized using experimental data obtained from 13 healthy subjects during graded head-up tilt (HUT) from the supine position to [Formula: see text]. The model includes descriptions of the left and right heart, direct ventricular interaction through the septum and pericardium, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Slow fluctuations in cardiovascular signals such as heart rate variability (HRV) are believed to carry important clinical information. This study investigated whether frequency spectrum analysis of the finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability (PPGV) could characterize a hypovolaemic response by using a blood donation as a model of(More)