Gregory Roderiquez

Learn More
The mechanism of heparan sulfate (HS)-mediated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) binding to and infection of T cells was investigated with a clone (H9h) of the T-cell line H9 selected on the basis of its high level of cell surface CD4 expression. Semiquantitative PCR analysis revealed that enzymatic removal of cell surface HS by heparitinase(More)
CD26 is a leukocyte activation marker that possesses dipeptidyl peptidase IV activity but whose natural substrates and immunological functions have not been clearly defined. Several chemo-kines, including RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted), have now been shown to be substrates for recombinant soluble human CD26. The(More)
The role of cell-surface proteoglycans in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of T-cell lines was investigated. HIV-1-susceptible lymphoblastic T-cell lines, MT-4 and H9, were analyzed for proteoglycan synthesis and found to make heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans. Enzymatic treatment of these cells with heparitinase, but(More)
Human macrophages express chemokine receptors that act as coreceptors for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and are major targets for HIV-1 infection in vivo. The effects of cytokines on HIV-1 infection of macrophages and on the expression of CCR5, the principal coreceptor for macrophage-tropic viruses, have now been investigated. Expression of(More)
Chemokine receptor CXCR4 (CD184) may play a role in cancer metastasis and is known to form homodimers. However, it is not clear how transmembrane regions (TM) of CXCR4 and receptor homotypic interactions affect the function of CXCR4 in living cells. Using confocal microscopy and flow cytometric analysis, we showed that high levels of CXCR4 are present in(More)
Activated lymphocytes synthesize and secrete substantial amounts of the beta-chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha/CCL3 and MIP-1 beta/CCL4, both of which inhibit infection of cells with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The native form of MIP-1 beta secreted by activated human peripheral blood lymphocytes (MIP-1 beta(3-69))(More)
Microbes induce innate immune responses in hosts. It is critical to know how different microbes control adaptive responses through innate pathways. The impact of gram-positive bacteria on the innate and adaptive responses is unclear. Herein we report that Staphylococcus aureus induces IL-10, Th17-inducing cytokines IL-6 and IL-23, chemokines, and regulates(More)
The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 and its receptor, CXCR4, play important roles in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pathophysiology, leukocyte trafficking, inflammation, hematopoiesis, embryogenesis, angiogenesis, and cancer metastasis. The effects of cytokines on the regulation of CXCR4 function were investigated in human primary(More)
Characterization of biological and immunological properties of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is critical to developing effective therapies and vaccines for AIDS. With the use of a novel CD4+ T-cell line (PM-1) permissive to infection by both monocytotropic (MT) and T-cell-tropic virus types, we present a comparative analysis of the(More)