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The present research developed and tested a new individual-difference measure of the need for affect, which is the motivation to approach or avoid emotion-inducing situations. The first phase of the research developed the need for affect scale. The second phase revealed that the need for affect is related to a number of individual differences in cognitive(More)
∗Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Gregory R. Maio, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, 70 Park Place, Cardiff, Wales, CF10 3AT. [e-mail: maio@cardiff.ac.uk]. The preparation of this article was supported by the UK’s Foresight Tackling Obesity Project. The authors thank Jack Dovidio, Vicki Esses, Bryony Butland, Andrew(More)
Although past theory and research point to the importance of understanding deliberate self-persuasion (i.e., deliberate self-induced attitude change), there have been no empirical and theoretical efforts to model this process. This article proposes a new model to help understand the process, while comparing the process of deliberate self-persuasion with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence, risk factors and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the general population older than 5 years of age in a southern Italian town. The positive predictive value of alanine transaminase (ALT) screening in identifying HCV positive subjects was also assessed. METHODS Cluster(More)
Circular models of values and goals suggest that some motivational aims are consistent with each other, some oppose each other, and others are orthogonal to each other. The present experiments tested this idea explicitly by examining how value confrontation and priming methods influence values and value-consistent behaviors throughout the entire value(More)
Three experiments examined the latent structure of values. Participants rated the importance of values clustered in pairs. circular model, we predicted and found that the time to rate the second value in each pair was shorter when the two values were motivationally congruent or opposing than when the two values were unrelated (Experiment 1). As expected,(More)
Two experiments were undertaken with 3 goals: (a) to determine whether manipulating the desirability of including empathy as part of one's gender-role identity motivates accurate mind-reading, (b) to ascertain whether target readability moderates the strength of this effect, and (c) to test whether these effects are mediated by the complexity of perceivers'(More)
Testing the idea that the process of forgiveness is intrinsically different across diverse relationships, this study examined the role of forgiveness in different family relationships. In 2 laboratory sessions 1 year apart, 114 families (each including 2 parents and 1 child) completed a new measure of family forgiveness and many individual-level,(More)
Three studies explored the connection between social perception processes and individual differences in the use of affective and cognitive information in relation to attitudes. Study 1 revealed that individuals high in need for affect (NFA) accentuated differences in evaluations of warm and cold traits, whereas individuals high in need for cognition (NFC)(More)
Three experiments tested the hypothesis that need for affect and need for cognition influence receptivity to affect- and cognition-based persuasive messages. Experiment 1 found that an affective message elicited more positive attitudes among individuals high in need for affect and low in need for cognition, whereas a cognitive message elicited more positive(More)