Gregory R Fulcher

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BACKGROUND It is not known whether drugs that block the renin-angiotensin system reduce the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular events in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design, we assigned 9306 patients with impaired glucose tolerance and established cardiovascular(More)
OBJECTIVE — We explored whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the effects of fenofibrate differed in subjects with and without metabolic syndrome and according to various features of metabolic syndrome defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) in subjects with type 2 diabetes in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with the metabolic syndrome are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.We aimed to establish whether CVD event rates were influenced by the metabolic syndrome as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin degludec is a new basal insulin that forms soluble multihexamer assemblies after subcutaneous injection, resulting in an ultra-long action profile. This study aimed to assess efficacy and safety of insulin degludec injected once a day or three times a week compared with insulin glargine once a day in insulin-naive people with type 2(More)
INTRODUCTION The efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, was evaluated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) inadequately controlled on sulfonylurea monotherapy. METHODS The CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study (CANVAS) is a double-blind, placebo-controlled cardiovascular outcomes(More)
The identification of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor in the central nervous system has led to an array of studies exploring the functions of central GLP-1 signalling. Originally identified as a gastrointestinal incretin hormone responsible for the potentiation of insulin secretion following ingestion of nutrients, the role of GLP-1 has been expanded(More)
Activated protein C (APC) promotes angiogenesis and reepithelialisation and accelerates healing of diabetic ulcers. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the incidence of lower leg ulcers and plasma levels of APC's precursor, protein C (PC), in diabetic patients. Patients with diabetes who had a lower leg ulcer(s) for >6 months (n(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescence is characterized by marked psychosocial, behavioural and biological changes and represents a critical life transition through which adult health and well-being are established. Substantial research confirms the role of psycho-social and environmental influences on this transition, but objective research examining the role of puberty(More)
The relation of the Type A behaviour pattern to coronary atherosclerosis was assessed in a sample of 519 coronary angiography patients. Type A measures were the Structured Interview and the Framingham questionnaire. Angiographic indices included a composite coronary occlusion index and number of coronary vessels significantly diseased. Univariate analysis(More)
Eighty-nine patients were prospectively studied to determine psychological and psychosocial impairment prior to and after coronary artery graft surgery (CAGS). Psychological morbidity prior to surgery was high, with one-third having clinically significant levels of depression and/or anxiety symptoms. Scores on the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale(More)