Gregory R. Collier

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Quantitative differences in gene expression are thought to contribute to phenotypic differences between individuals. We generated genome-wide transcriptional profiles of lymphocyte samples from 1,240 participants in the San Antonio Family Heart Study. The expression levels of 85% of the 19,648 detected autosomal transcripts were significantly heritable.(More)
The effects of a single bout of exercise and exercise training on the expression of genes necessary for the transport and beta-oxidation of fatty acids (FA), together with the gene expression of transcription factors implicated in the regulation of FA homeostasis were investigated. Seven human subjects (3 male, 4 female, 28.9 +/- 3.1 yr of age, range 20-42(More)
Six healthy male volunteers underwent 2-wk metabolically controlled high-glycemic-index (GI) and low-GI diets in random order. Over the low-GI diet significant reductions were seen in serum fructosamine (7.0 +/- 1.0%, p less than 0.01), 12-h blood glucose profile (37 +/- 7%, p less than 0.01), and total serum cholesterol (15 +/- 3%, p less than 0.01). As a(More)
The effects of the glycemic index (GI) of carbohydrate eaten the previous night on the glycemic response to a standard test meal eaten subsequently in the morning (breakfast) was studied. On separate evenings normal subjects ate low- or high-GI test meals of the same nutrient composition. The dinners consisted of single foods in two experiments and mixed(More)
Originally, leptin was described as a product of adipocytes that acts on the hypothalamus to regulate appetite. However, subsequently, it has been shown that leptin receptors are distributed widely and that leptin has diverse functions, including promotion of hemopoietic and osteoblastic differentiation. It has been recognized for some time that both serum(More)
Recent studies suggest the glycemic response of different mixed meals cannot be predicted from the glycemic index (GI) of individual carbohydrate foods. Postprandial glucose levels following five different mixed meals in six noninsulin-dependent diabetic volunteers were therefore assessed. Each meal comprised 50% carbohydrate, 30% fat, and 20% protein,(More)
Given their involvement in processes necessary for life, mitochondrial damage and subsequent dysfunction can lead to a wide range of human diseases. Previous studies of both animal models and humans have suggested that presenilins-associated rhomboid-like protein (PARL) is a key regulator of mitochondrial integrity and function, and plays a role in cellular(More)
It has been suggested that age effects the glycaemic index value of foods, although there is no data to support this. We therefore studied the blood glucose responses of bread and lentils in seven children (aged 7-17 years) and 10 adults (aged 27-74 years) with insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM). Although there were small differences in the shape of the(More)
Increased hepatic glucose output and decreased glucose utilization are implicated in the development of type 2 diabetes. We previously reported that the expression of a novel gene, Tanis, was upregulated in the liver during fasting in the obese/diabetic animal model Psammomys obesus. Here, we have further studied the protein and its function. Cell(More)
Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) are highly aggressive tumors that are thought to arise as a consequence of the regulatory disruption of the growth and differentiation of skeletal muscle progenitor cells. Normal myogenesis is characterized by the expression of the myogenic regulatory factor gene family but, despite their expression in RMS, these tumor cells fail to(More)