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Basal keratinocytes attach to the underlying dermal stroma through an ultrastructurally unique and complex basement membrane zone. Electron-dense plaques along the basal surface plasma membrane, termed hemidesmosomes, appear to attach directly to the lamina densa of the basement membrane through fine strands, called anchoring filaments. The lamina densa is(More)
Kalinin, a recently characterized novel protein component of anchoring filaments, has been shown to be involved in keratinocyte attachment to culture substrates and to dermis in vivo, and to exist in keratinocyte-conditioned culture medium in two heterotrimeric forms of 440 and 400 kDa (Rousselle, P., Lunstrum, G.P., Keene, D.R., and Burgeson, R.E. (1991)(More)
Stable attachment of external epithelia to the basement membrane and underlying stroma is mediated by transmembrane proteins such as the integrin alpha6beta4 and bullous pemphigoid antigen 2 within the hemidesmosomes along the basolateral surface of the epithelial cell and their ligands that include a specialized subfamily of laminins. The laminin 5(More)
We report the identification of a novel laminin variant that appears to be unique to a subset of epithelial basement membranes. The variant contains two chains electrophoretically and immunologically identical to the B1 and B2 chains. Epitopes contained in the laminin A chain are absent from the molecule, and a 190-kD chain substitutes for the A chain. V8(More)
We have identified two distinct collagenous macromolecules in extracts of fetal bovine skin. Each of the molecules appears to contain three identical alpha-chains with short triple-helical domains of approximately 25 kD, and nontriple-helical domains of approximately 190 kD. Consistent with these observations, extracted molecules contain a relatively short(More)
Two recently identified collagen molecules, termed twelve-like A and twelve-like B (TL-A and TL-B) have properties similar to type XII collagen. These molecules have been localized in human and calf tissues by immunoelectron microscopy. The observations strongly suggest that both molecules are located along the surface of banded collagen fibers. The(More)
Mutations of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) are responsible for achondroplasia (ACH) and related dwarfing conditions in humans. The pathogenesis involves constitutive activation of FGFR3, which inhibits proliferation and differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes. Here we report that activating mutations in FGFR3 increase the stability of the(More)
Lmx1b, a member of the LIM homeodomain protein family, is essential for the specification of dorsal limb fates at the zeugopodal and autopodal level in vertebrates. We and others have shown that a skeletal dysplasia, nail-patella syndrome (NPS), results from mutations in LMX1B. While it is a unique mesenchymal determinant of dorsal limb patterning during(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a severe, chronic blistering disease of the skin. EBA patients have circulating and tissue-bound autoantibodies to a large (Mr = 290,000) macromolecule that is localized within the basement membrane zone between the epidermis and dermis of skin, the site of blister formation. The "EBA antigen" is known to be distinct(More)
Mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) cause several human chondrodysplasias, including achondroplasia, the most common form of dwarfism in humans. From in vitro studies, the skeletal defects observed in these disorders have been attributed to constitutive activation of FGFR3. Here we show that FGF9 and FGFR3, a high-affinity receptor for(More)