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Basal keratinocytes attach to the underlying dermal stroma through an ultrastructurally unique and complex basement membrane zone. Electron-dense plaques along the basal surface plasma membrane, termed hemidesmosomes, appear to attach directly to the lamina densa of the basement membrane through fine strands, called anchoring filaments. The lamina densa is(More)
Stable attachment of external epithelia to the basement membrane and underlying stroma is mediated by transmembrane proteins such as the integrin alpha6beta4 and bullous pemphigoid antigen 2 within the hemidesmosomes along the basolateral surface of the epithelial cell and their ligands that include a specialized subfamily of laminins. The laminin 5(More)
We have identified two distinct collagenous macromolecules in extracts of fetal bovine skin. Each of the molecules appears to contain three identical alpha-chains with short triple-helical domains of approximately 25 kD, and nontriple-helical domains of approximately 190 kD. Consistent with these observations, extracted molecules contain a relatively short(More)
Two recently identified collagen molecules, termed twelve-like A and twelve-like B (TL-A and TL-B) have properties similar to type XII collagen. These molecules have been localized in human and calf tissues by immunoelectron microscopy. The observations strongly suggest that both molecules are located along the surface of banded collagen fibers. The(More)
We report the identification of a novel laminin variant that appears to be unique to a subset of epithelial basement membranes. The variant contains two chains electrophoretically and immunologically identical to the B1 and B2 chains. Epitopes contained in the laminin A chain are absent from the molecule, and a 190-kD chain substitutes for the A chain. V8(More)
Mutations of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) are responsible for achondroplasia (ACH) and related dwarfing conditions in humans. The pathogenesis involves constitutive activation of FGFR3, which inhibits proliferation and differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes. Here we report that activating mutations in FGFR3 increase the stability of the(More)
Type VII collagen is one of the newly identified members of the collagen family. A variety of evidence, including ultrastructural immunolocalization, has previously shown that type VII collagen is a major structural component of anchoring fibrils, found immediately beneath the lamina densa of many epithelia. In the present study, ultrastructural(More)
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