Gregory P. Boivin

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The activity of TGF-beta1 is regulated primarily extracellularly where the secreted latent form must be modified to expose the active molecule. Here we show that thrombospondin-1 is responsible for a significant proportion of the activation of TGF-beta1 in vivo. Histological abnormalities in young TGF-beta1 null and thrombospondin-1 null mice were(More)
The expression of carcino-embryonic antigen by colorectal cancer is an example of oncogenic activation of embryonic gene expression. Hypothesizing that oncogenesis-recapitulating-ontogenesis may represent a broad programmatic commitment, we compared gene expression patterns of human colorectal cancers (CRCs) and mouse colon tumor models to those of mouse(More)
Lawrence, 1996). Although named originally for its ability to induce a transformed phenotype in cultured cells 7 its signaling pathway are frequently involved in sup-TGF-␤ also has contradictory effects on 3 Department of Pathology normal cells. Depending on the cell type and the en-Northwestern University Medical School vironment, it may stimulate or(More)
Persons with the autosomal recessive disorder Bloom syndrome are predisposed to cancers of many types due to loss-of-function mutations in the BLM gene, which encodes a recQ-like helicase. Here we show that mice heterozygous for a targeted null mutation of Blm, the murine homolog of BLM, develop lymphoma earlier than wild-type littermates in response to(More)
Collagen gels were seeded with rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and contracted onto sutures at initial cell densities of 1, 4, and 8 million cells/ml. These MSC-collagen composites were then implanted into full thickness, full length, central defects created in the patellar tendons of the animals providing the cells. These autologous(More)
Na,K-ATPase is an ion transporter that impacts neural and glial physiology by direct electrogenic activity and the modulation of ion gradients. Its three isoforms in brain have cell-type and development-specific expression patterns. Interestingly, our studies demonstrate that in late gestation, the alpha2 isoform is widely expressed in neurons, unlike in(More)
To investigate potential physiological interactions between the transcellular and paracellular pathways of water transport, we asked whether targeted deletion of Aquaporin 5 (AQP5), the major transcellular water transporter in salivary acinar cells, affected paracellular transport of 4-kDa FITC-labeled dextran (FITC-D), which is transported through the(More)
Over the past 8 years, our group has been continuously improving tendon repair using a functional tissue engineering (FTE) paradigm. This paradigm was motivated by inconsistent clinical results after tendon repair and reconstruction, and the modest biomechanical improvements we observed after repair of rabbit central patellar tendon defects using(More)
Several diverse genetically engineered mouse models of pancreatic exocrine neoplasia have been developed. These mouse models have a spectrum of pathologic changes; however, until now, there has been no uniform nomenclature to characterize these changes. An international workshop, sponsored by The National Cancer Institute and the University of Pennsylvania,(More)