Learn More
Affibody (affibody) ligands that are specific for the extracellular domain of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu) have been selected by phage display technology from a combinatorial protein library based on the 58 amino acid residue staphylococcal protein A-derived Z domain. The predominant variants from the phage selection were produced in(More)
The in vivo properties of monovalent and divalent single-chain Fv (sFv)-based molecules with the specificity of the anti-c-erbB-2 monoclonal antibody 741F8 were examined in scid mice bearing SK-OV-3 tumor xenografts. 741F8 sFv monomers exhibited rapid, biphasic clearance from blood, while a slightly slower clearance was observed with the divalent 741F8(More)
In immunodeficient mice antitumor single-chain Fv (scFv) molecules penetrate tumors rapidly and have rapid serum clearance, leading to excellent tumor:normal organ ratios. However, the absolute quantity of scFv retained in the tumor is low due to rapid serum clearance and monovalent scFv binding. We previously demonstrated that the presence of an additional(More)
Antibody drugs are widely used in cancer therapy, but conditions to maximize tumor penetration and efficacy have yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the impact of antibody binding affinity on tumor targeting and penetration with affinity variants that recognize the same epitope. Specifically, we compared four derivatives of the C6.5(More)
The development of novel immunotherapy strategies for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will be facilitated by the identification of tumor-specific targets. Although the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in many cases of NSCLC, its wide distribution in normal tissue may limit its suitability as an immunotherapeutic target. However,(More)
Mr 25,000 single-chain Fv (scFv) molecules are rapidly eliminated from the circulation of immunodeficient mice, yielding highly specific retention of small quantities of scFv in human tumor xenografts. We postulated that the specific retention of scFv in tumor could be enhanced by engineering significant increases in the affinity of the scFv for its target(More)
Chimeric TCRs with an Ab-derived binding domain confer predefined specificity and MHC-independent target binding to T cells for use in adoptive immunotherapy. We investigated the impact of receptor binding affinity on the activation of grafted T cells. A series of anti-ErbB2 single-chain fragment binding domains with a K(d) ranging from 3.2 x 10(-7) to 1.5(More)
Single-chain Fv (scFv) molecules exhibit highly specific tumour-targeting properties in tumour-bearing mice. However, because of their smaller size and monovalent binding, the quantities of radiolabelled scFv retained in tumours limit their therapeutic applications. Diabodies are dimeric antibody-based molecules composed of two non-covalently associated(More)
Inappropriate signalling through the EGFR and ErbB2/HER2 members of the epidermal growth factor family of receptor tyrosine kinases is well recognised as being causally linked to a variety of cancers. Consequently, monoclonal antibodies specific for these receptors have become increasingly important components of effective treatment strategies for cancer.(More)
Recombinant immunotoxins, consisting of single-chain variable fragments (scFv) genetically fused to polypeptide toxins, represent potentially effective candidates for cancer therapeutics. We evaluated the affinity of various anti-Her2/neu scFv fused to recombinant gelonin (rGel) and its effect on antitumor efficacy and off-target toxicity. A series of(More)