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Affibody (affibody) ligands that are specific for the extracellular domain of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu) have been selected by phage display technology from a combinatorial protein library based on the 58 amino acid residue staphylococcal protein A-derived Z domain. The predominant variants from the phage selection were produced in(More)
We determined the extent to which additional binding energy could be achieved by diversifying the complementarity determining regions (CDRs) located in the center of the antibody combining site of C6.5, a human single-chain Fv (scFv) isolated from a non-immune phage library which binds the tumor antigen c-erbB-2. CDR3 of the light (V(L)) and heavy (V(H))(More)
The use of antibodies to target tumor antigens has had limited success, partially due to the large size of IgG molecules, difficulties in constructing smaller single chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragments, and immunogenicity of murine antibodies. These limitations can be overcome by selecting human scFv directly from non-immune or semi-synthetic phage antibody(More)
In immunodeficient mice antitumor single-chain Fv (scFv) molecules penetrate tumors rapidly and have rapid serum clearance, leading to excellent tumor:normal organ ratios. However, the absolute quantity of scFv retained in the tumor is low due to rapid serum clearance and monovalent scFv binding. We previously demonstrated that the presence of an additional(More)
Affibody molecules specific for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have been selected by phage display technology from a combinatorial protein library based on the 58-residue, protein A-derived Z domain. EGFR is overexpressed in various malignancies and is frequently associated with poor patient prognosis, and the information provided by targeting(More)
The in vivo properties of monovalent and divalent single-chain Fv (sFv)-based molecules with the specificity of the anti-c-erbB-2 monoclonal antibody 741F8 were examined in scid mice bearing SK-OV-3 tumor xenografts. 741F8 sFv monomers exhibited rapid, biphasic clearance from blood, while a slightly slower clearance was observed with the divalent 741F8(More)
We describe a method to facilitate radioimaging with technetium-99m (99mTc) by genetic incorporation of a 99mTc chelation site in recombinant single-chain Fv (sFv) antibody proteins. This method relies on fusion of the sFv C terminus with a Gly4Cys peptide that specifically coordinates 99mTc. By using analogues of the 26-10 anti-digoxin sFv as our primary(More)
Chromosome segregation in mitosis is orchestrated by the dynamic interactions between the kinetochore and spindle microtubules. Our recent study shows that mitotic motor CENP-E cooperates with SKAP to orchestrate an accurate chromosome movement in mitosis. However, it remains elusive how kinetochore core microtubule binding activity KMN (KNL1-MIS12-NDC80)(More)
The members of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family are over expressed in a variety of malignancies and are frequently linked to aggressive disease and a poor prognosis. Although clinically effective monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been developed to target HER2 and EGFR, the remaining two family members, HER3 and HER4, have not been the(More)