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One approach for achieving runtime adaptability in software is to use application frameworks that are tailored for the development of self-adaptive systems. In this paper, we present the <i>Graph-based Runtime Adaptation Framework</i> (GRAF), which enables adaptivity by creating, managing, and interpreting graph-based models of software at runtime. Having a(More)
High-resolution (HR) electrical mapping is an important clinical research tool for understanding normal and abnormal gastric electrophysiology. Analyzing velocities of gastric electrical activity in a reliable and accurate manner can provide additional valuable information for quantitatively and qualitatively comparing features across and within subjects,(More)
Gastrointestinal slow waves are generated within networks of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). In the intact tissue, slow waves are entrained to neighboring ICCs with higher intrinsic frequencies, leading to active propagation of slow waves. Degradation of ICC networks in humans is associated with motility disorders; however, the pathophysiological(More)
Depletion of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) networks is known to occur in several gastrointestinal motility disorders. Although confocal microscopy can effectively image and visualize the spatial distribution of ICC networks, current descriptors of ICC depletion are limited to cell numbers and volume computations. Spatial changes in ICC network(More)
Gastric pacing is used to modulate normal or abnormal gastric slow-wave activity for therapeutic purposes. New protocols are required that are optimized for motility outcomes and energy efficiency. A computational tissue model was developed, incorporating smooth muscle and interstitial cell of Cajal layers, to enable predictive simulations of slow-wave(More)
Gastrointestinal motility is coordinated by slow waves (SWs) generated by the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). Experimental studies have shown that SWs spontaneously activate at different intrinsic frequencies in isolated tissue, whereas in intact tissues they are entrained to a single frequency. Gastric pacing has been used in an attempt to improve(More)
High-resolution (HR) multi-electrode mapping has become an important technique for evaluating gastrointestinal (GI) slow wave (SW) behaviors. However, the application and uptake of HR mapping has been constrained by the complex and laborious task of analyzing the large volumes of retrieved data. Recently, a rapid and reliable method for automatically(More)
Multi-scale modeling has become a productive strategy for quantifying interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) network structure-function relationships, but the lack of large-scale ICC network imaging data currently limits modeling progress. The single normal equation simulation (SNESIM) algorithm was utilized to generate realistic virtual images of small real(More)
Depletion of interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) networks is known to occur in various gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders. Although techniques for quantifying the structure of ICC networks are available, the ICC network structure-function relationships are yet to be well elucidated. Existing methods of relating ICC structure to function are(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility is coordinated by several cooperating mechanisms, including electrical slow wave activity, the enteric nervous system (ENS), and other factors. Slow waves generated in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) depolarize smooth muscle cells (SMC), generating basic GI contractions. This unique electrical coupling presents an added(More)