Gregory O'Grady

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One approach for achieving runtime adaptability in software is to use application frameworks that are tailored for the development of self-adaptive systems. In this paper, we present the <i>Graph-based Runtime Adaptation Framework</i> (GRAF), which enables adaptivity by creating, managing, and interpreting graph-based models of software at runtime. Having a(More)
High-resolution (HR) electrical mapping is an important clinical research tool for understanding normal and abnormal gastric electrophysiology. Analyzing velocities of gastric electrical activity in a reliable and accurate manner can provide additional valuable information for quantitatively and qualitatively comparing features across and within subjects,(More)
  Gastrointestinal extracellular recordings have been a core technique in motility research for a century. However, the bioelectrical basis of extracellular data has recently been challenged by claims that these techniques preferentially assay movement artifacts, cannot reproduce the underlying slow wave kinetics, and misrepresent the true slow wave(More)
High resolution (HR) multi-electrode mapping is increasingly being used to evaluate gastrointestinal slow wave behaviors. To create the HR activation time (AT) maps from gastric serosal electrode recordings that quantify slow wave propagation, it is first necessary to identify the AT of each individual slow wave event. Identifying these ATs has been a time(More)
Depletion of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) networks is known to occur in several gastrointestinal motility disorders. Although confocal microscopy can effectively image and visualize the spatial distribution of ICC networks, current descriptors of ICC depletion are limited to cell numbers and volume computations. Spatial changes in ICC network(More)
Gastric pacing has been investigated as a potential treatment for gastroparesis. New pacing protocols are required to improve symptom and motility outcomes; however, research progress has been constrained by a limited understanding of the effects of electrical stimulation on slow-wave activity. This study introduces high-resolution (HR) "entrainment(More)
The motility of the stomach is coordinated by an electrical activity termed "slow waves", and slow-wave dysrhythmias contribute to motility disorders. One major method for clinically evaluating gastric dysrhythmias has been electrogastrography (EGG); however, the clinical utility of EGG is limited partly due to the uncertainty regarding its(More)
Slow waves coordinate gastric motility, and abnormal slow-wave activity is thought to contribute to motility disorders. The current understanding of normal human gastric slow-wave activity is based on extrapolation from data derived from sparse electrode recordings and is therefore potentially incomplete. This study employed high-resolution (HR) mapping to(More)
Stomach contractions are initiated and coordinated by an underlying electrical activity (slow waves), and electrical dysrhythmias accompany motility diseases. Electrical recordings taken directly from the stomach provide the most valuable data, but face technical constraints. Serosal or mucosal electrodes have cables that traverse the abdominal wall, or a(More)
Gastrointestinal slow waves are generated within networks of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). In the intact tissue, slow waves are entrained to neighboring ICCs with higher intrinsic frequencies, leading to active propagation of slow waves. Degradation of ICC networks in humans is associated with motility disorders; however, the pathophysiological(More)