Gregory N Nkepang

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We recently developed "photo-unclick chemistry", a novel chemical tool involving the cleavage of aminoacrylate by singlet oxygen, and demonstrated its application to visible light-activatable prodrugs. In this study, we prepared an advanced multifunctional prodrug, Pc-(L-CA4)2, composed of the fluorescent photosensitizer phthalocyanine (Pc), an SO-labile(More)
Mitochondria-specific photosensitizers were designed by taking advantage of the preferential localization of delocalized lipophilic cations (DLCs) in mitochondria. Three DLC-porphyrin conjugates: CMP-Rh (a core modified porphyrin-rhodamine B cation), CMP-tPP (a core modified porphyrin-mono-triphenyl phosphonium cation), CMP-(tPP)(2) (a core modified(More)
We designed and synthesized a novel double activatable prodrug system (drug-linker-deactivated photosensitizer), containing a photocleavable aminoacrylate-linker and a deactivated photosensitizer, to achieve the spatiotemporally controlled release of parent drugs using visible light. Three prodrugs of CA-4, SN-38, and coumarin were prepared to demonstrate(More)
"Click and Photo-unclick Chemistry" of aminoacrylates is proposed for a new photo-labile linker. Adducts are built in 2 steps with good yields and cleaved rapidly by tissue penetrable visible light (690 nm) with a photosensitizer. Facile synthesis, release of mother drug, and stability and cleavage in medium are demonstrated.
Although tissue-penetrable light (red and NIR) has great potential for spatiotemporally controlled release of therapeutic agents, it has been hampered because of the lack of chemistry translating the photonic energy to the cleavage of a chemical bond. Recently, we discovered that an aminoacrylate group could be cleaved to release parent drugs after(More)
We examined the concept of a novel prodrug strategy in which anticancer drug can be locally released by visible/near IR light, taking advantage of the photodynamic process and photo-unclick chemistry. Our most recently formulated prodrug of combretastatin A-4, Pc-(L-CA4)2, showed multifunctionality for fluorescence imaging, light-activated drug release, and(More)
1,2-Diaryloxyethene has recently been proposed as a linker in singlet oxygen-mediated drug release. Even though 1,2-diaryloxyethenes look very simple, their synthesis was not an easy task. Previous methods are limited to symmetric molecules, lengthy step and low yield. We report on a facile synthetic method not only for 1,2-diaryloxyethenes but also their(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a cancer treatment modality where photosensitizer (PS) is activated by visible and near IR light to produce singlet oxygen ((1)O2). However, (1)O2 has a short lifetime (<40 ns) and cannot diffuse (<20 nm) beyond the cell diameter (e.g., ∼ 1800 nm). Thus, (1)O2 damage is both spatially and temporally limited and does not produce(More)
para-[(18)F]fluorohippurate ([(18)F]PFH) is a renal tubular agent suitable for conducting positron emission tomography (PET) renography. [(18)F]PFH is currently synthesized by a four-step two-pot procedure utilizing a classical prosthetic group, N-succinimidyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate, followed by glycine conjugation. Considering the short half-life of(More)
We recently demonstrated the far-red light-activatable prodrug of paclitaxel (PTX), Pc-(L-PTX)2. Upon illumination with a 690 nm laser, Pc-(L-PTX)2 showed combinational cell killing from rapid photodynamic therapy damage by singlet oxygen, followed by sustained chemotherapy effects from locally released PTX. However, its high lipophilicity (log D7.4 > 3.1)(More)