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1 The anti-tussive effects, of the local anaesthetic, lidocaine and carcainium chloride (RSD931) have been investigated in guinea-pigs and rabbits. 2 Pre-treatment of guinea-pigs with aerosols of lidocaine or RSD931 at 0.1, 1.0 and 10 mg ml(-1) reduced the number of citric acid-induced coughs by 9.3, 32.6 and 40.9% (P>0.05) for lidocaine and by 25.3%(More)
OBJECTIVES This randomized double-blind study compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous vernakalant and amiodarone for the acute conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Intravenous vernakalant has effectively converted recent-onset AF and was well tolerated in placebo-controlled studies. METHODS A total of 254 adult(More)
1. The kinetics of shortening of action potential duration (APD) following an increase in pacing rate, from 2 to 3.3 Hz, was characterized in guinea-pig ventricular preparations. Terikalant (RP62719), an inhibitor of the inwardly rectifying K+ current (IK1), and dofetilide, a specific inhibitor of the rapidly activating delayed-rectifier current (IKr), were(More)
INTRODUCTION RSD1235 is a novel drug recently shown to convert AF rapidly and safely in patients.(1) Its mechanism of action has been investigated in a rat model of ischemic arrhythmia, along with changes in action potential (AP) morphology in isolated rat ventricular myocytes and effects on cloned channels. METHODS AND RESULTS Ischemic arrhythmias were(More)
The antiarrhythmic actions of the racemate and enantiomers of mexiletine were studied in conscious and anaesthetised rats. Racemate or enantiomers, at 20 mg/kg i.v., had little effect on ischaemia-induced ventricular fibrillation in conscious or anaesthetised rats. In conscious rats 20 mg/kg caused convulsions in 78-89% of rats when the plasma concentration(More)
1. Rats were used to evaluate the antiarrhythmic properties of tedisamil, a novel agent with the electrophysiological properties of a Class III antiarrhythmic drug. Tedisamil was tested against coronary artery occlusion-induced arrhythmias in conscious animals. 2. The actions of tedisamil on the ECG, as well as responses to electrical stimulation, were(More)
OBJECTIVE RSD1235 is a novel antiarrhythmic drug with atria-selective electrophysiological actions on Na(+) and K(+) currents. The mechanism for its protection of ventricular repolarization was assessed by its action on Purkinje fibers, and by block of late sodium current active during repolarization. Further, RSD1235's ability to reverse the pro-arrhythmic(More)
The following investigation was designed to assess whether or not streptozotocin diabetes has an influence on the number and severity of ventricular arrhythmias following coronary artery occlusion in the conscious rat. In addition, electrocardiogram and haemodynamic data were compared between streptozotocin groups and control. Diabetes was induced in male(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the acute effects of vernakalant (RSD1235) on electrophysiologic (EP) properties in humans. BACKGROUND Vernakalant is an investigational mixed ion channel blocker that can terminate acute atrial fibrillation (AF) in humans at 2 to 5 mg/kg and may be more "atrial-selective" than available agents. METHODS Patients (N=19; 53% male;(More)
Blockade of ventricular sodium conductance (gNa) is believed to play an important role in the beneficial antiarrhythmic effects of class I antiarrhythmic agents. The present study was undertaken to examine the importance of ventricular gNa blockade by assessing the antiarrhythmic profile of tetrodotoxin (TTX), a selective sodium channel blocker. Experiments(More)