Gregory N. Bancroft

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Bone is a complex highly structured mechanically active 3D tissue composed of cellular and matrix elements. The true biological environment of a bone cell is thus derived from a dynamic interaction between responsively active cells experiencing mechanical forces and a continuously changing 3D matrix architecture. To investigate this phenomenon in vitro,(More)
In this study we report on direct involvement of fluid shear stresses on the osteoblastic differentiation of marrow stromal cells. Rat bone marrow stromal cells were seeded in 3D porous titanium fiber mesh scaffolds and cultured for 16 days in a flow perfusion bioreactor with perfusing culture media of different viscosities while maintaining the fluid flow(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the cell culture conditions of three-dimensional polymer scaffolds seeded with rat marrow stromal cells (MSCs) cultured in different bioreactors concerning the ability of these cells to proliferate, differentiate towards the osteoblastic lineage, and generate mineralized extracellular matrix. MSCs(More)
7-OH-DPAT has been shown to exhibit selectivity between D2 and D3 dopamine receptors in a variety of in vitro assay systems. Although the drug has been used in a variety of studies to evaluate the behavioral effects of D3 receptor stimulation, the in vivo D2/D3 selectivity of the compound has not been determined. In this study, protection against(More)
Several different bioreactors have been investigated for tissue-engineering applications. Among these bioreactors are the spinner flask and the rotating wall vessel reactor. In addition, a new type of culture system has been developed and investigated, the flow perfusion culture bioreactor. Flow perfusion culture offers several advantages, notably the(More)
In this study, we report on the ability of resorbable poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nonwoven scaffolds to support the attachment, growth, and differentiation of marrow stromal cells (MSCs) under fluid flow. Rat MSCs were isolated from young male Wistar rats and expanded using established methods. The cells were then seeded on PLLA nonwoven fiber meshes. The(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two cell culture techniques, static and flow perfusion, on the osteogenic expression of rat bone marrow cells seeded into titanium fiber mesh for a period up to 16 days. A cell suspension of rat bone marrow stromal osteoblasts (5 x 10(5) cells/300 microL) was seeded into the mesh material.(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of fibronectin and collagen I coatings on titanium fiber mesh on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow cells. Three main treatment groups were investigated in addition to uncoated titanium fiber meshes: meshes coated with fibronectin, meshes coated with collagen I, and(More)
[3H]Quinpirole is a dopamine agonist with high affinity for D2-like dopamine receptors. A number of non-dopaminergic compounds, most notably monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), inhibit the binding of [3H]quinpirole, but not other D2-like agonists and antagonists, in rat striatal membranes by a mechanism that does not involve the enzymatic activity of MAO.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the in vivo performance in bone-regenerating capability of cell/scaffold constructs implanted into an orthotopic site. Bone marrow stromal osteoblasts were seeded on titanium fiber mesh scaffolds using a cell suspension (5 x 10(5) cells per scaffold) and cultured for 1, 4, and 8 days under either static or flow(More)