Learn More
BACKGROUND In vivo methods to evaluate the size and composition of atherosclerotic lesions in animal models of atherosclerosis would assist in the testing of antiatherosclerotic drugs. We have developed an MRI method of detecting atherosclerotic plaque in the major vessels at the base of the heart in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-knockout(More)
The Golden Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) has been shown to be a useful model of both human lipoprotein metabolism and the development of atherosclerosis. We report the effects of dietary lipids on the progression and regression of atherosclerosis in this model. In the first study, hamsters fed on coconut oil (150 g/kg diet) and cholesterol (30 g/kg(More)
A number of agents that mimic the ability of the thyroid hormone, T3, to decrease plasma cholesterol levels are described; one is as effective as T3 at reducing cholesterol levels and stimulating liver function, but has very little effect on cardiac function and is thus less likely to be toxic. The agent may be useful in the treatment of atherosclerosis.
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of leukocyte CC-chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) in the early development of atherosclerosis METHODS AND RESULTS Bone marrow cells harvested from CCR2 (-/-) and CCR2 (+/+) mice were transplanted into ApoE3-Leiden mice, a mouse strain susceptible for diet-induced atherosclerosis. Eight weeks after bone marrow transplantation, the(More)
Cholestyramine was administered to hamsters at 6 doses in the diet for 1 week. Plasma cholesterol, LDL + VLDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol were measured after this period. Bile acid excretion was measured in faeces collected over the final 24 h of the experiment. A dose-response curve for each parameter measured was constructed using data from individual(More)
The association between circulating concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and future atherothrombotic events has provoked speculation about a possible pathogenetic role of CRP. However, we show here that transgenic expression of human CRP had no effect on development, progression, or severity of spontaneous atherosclerosis, or on morbidity or(More)
The association rates, dissociation rates, and equilibrium binding of bile acids with cholestyramine and colestipol were measured under physiological conditions with the most abundant bile acids found in humans. Cholestyramine and colestipol equilibrated with the bile acids (5 mM) within 1 h and they bound > 58% and > 17% of the bile acid, respectively,(More)
We explored the role of the classic complement pathway in atherogenesis by intercrossing C1q-deficient mice (C1qa-/-) with low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice (Ldlr-/-). Mice were fed a normal rodent diet until 22 weeks of age. Aortic root lesions were threefold larger in C1qa-/-/Ldlr-/- mice compared with Ldlr-/- mice (3.72 +/- 1.0% aortic root(More)
Although numerous transgenic mouse models for atherosclerosis have been developed recently, little is known about their response to hypolipidaemic or anti-atherosclerotic agents. We investigated the effect of the known hypocholesterolaemic and anti-atherosclerotic drug probucol on serum lipids, lipoproteins and atherosclerosis in fat-fed low density(More)
Wild-type C57BL mice are known to be susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis, whilst C3H mice are resistant. We investigated the effect of these background strains on the hyperlipidaemia and atherosclerosis that develops in mice deficient in apolipoprotein E (apoE(-/-)). Male and female apoE(-/-) mice on C3H/HeNHsd (C3H) and C57BL/6J (C57) backgrounds(More)