Gregory M. T. Hare

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Functional recovery following sciatic, tibial, and peroneal nerve injury was assessed over a 1-year period using walking track analysis in the rat. Internal neurolysis did not affect nerve function. Crush injury induced a temporary, but complete, loss of function that recovered to control levels by 4 weeks. Nerve transection resulted in complete loss of(More)
Acute inflammation plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the specific relationships between inflammatory mediators and patient outcome following TBI have not been fully established. In this study, we measured plasma and cerebrospinal fluid interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations in 36(More)
Cells sense and respond to changes in oxygen concentration through gene regulatory processes that are fundamental to survival. Surprisingly, little is known about how anemia affects hypoxia signaling. Because nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) figure prominently in the cellular responses to acute hypoxia, we defined the effects of NOS deficiency in acute anemia.(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to determine the optimal hemoglobin (Hb) concentration for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion for patients undergoing cardiac surgery because increased mortality has been associated with the severity of anemia and exposure to RBCs. Because a definitive trial will require thousands of patients, and because there is variability in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite decreasing cardiac events, perioperative beta-blockade also increases perioperative stroke and mortality. Major bleeding and/or hypotension are independently associated with these outcomes. To investigate the hypothesis that beta-blockade limits the cardiac reserve to compensate for acute surgical anemia, the authors examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare a restrictive versus a liberal transfusion strategy in patients with moderate to severe closed head injury following multiple trauma in 13 Canadian intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS This is a subgroup analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial involving sixty-seven critically ill patients from the Transfusion(More)
Anemia may worsen neurological outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI) by undefined mechanisms. We hypothesized that hemodilutional anemia accentuates hypoxic cerebral injury following TBI. Anesthetized rats underwent unilateral TBI or sham injury (n > or = 7). Target hemoglobin concentrations between 50 and 70 g/l were achieved by exchanging 40-50%(More)
Recovery of function is of prime importance after peripheral nerve injury and repair. This paper describes a method of obtaining and measuring walking-tracks and generating a Sciatic Function Index (SFI) to quantify functional sciatic nerve recovery in the rat. The reader is provided with a series of walking-tracks to measure, analyze and compare to those(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypotheses that deliberate elevation of PaCO(2) increases cerebral tissue oxygen tension (PBrO(2)) by augmenting PaO(2) and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). METHODS Anesthetized rats were exposed to increasing levels of inspired oxygen (O(2)) or carbon dioxide (CO(2); 5%, 10% and 15%, n = 6). Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP),(More)
PURPOSE To describe a case of persistent and excessive bleeding following an aortic valve and ascending aorta replacement that was successfully managed with recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa). The postulated mechanisms for rFVIIa are discussed. CLINICAL FEATURES A 75-yr-old female with no preoperative coagulopathy underwent a tissue aortic valve replacement(More)