Gregory M. Preston

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OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to test the predictive value of an oxidative stress biomarker in 634 patients from the Prospective Randomized Evaluation of the Vascular Effects of Norvasc Trial (PREVENT). BACKGROUND Oxidative stress contributes to mechanisms of atherosclerosis and plaque instability. Biomarkers of oxidation, such as(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) likely comprise both a secreted isoform (esRAGE) and wild-type RAGE cleaved from the cell membrane. Both sRAGE and esRAGE have been proposed as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but prospective data are limited. We examined the relationship of sRAGE and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that succinate, long known as an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, may also have a role as a signaling molecule through GPR91 and that activation of this receptor results in blood pressure (BP) elevation via the renin-angiotensin system. We sought to test the hypothesis that GPR91 contributes to BP elevation in(More)
A novel integral membrane protein with an apparent molecular mass of 28 kDa (CHIP28) was first isolated from human erythrocytes and is now recognized as a water channel protein. The expression of this protein has been found in several other cell types that all require high water permeability for their functions. Recent studies have shown that the water(More)
UNLABELLED Several plasma non-lipid biomarkers have been shown to predict major cardiovascular events (MCVEs) in population studies. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between lipid and non-lipid biomarkers levels achieved during statin therapy and the incidence of MCVEs in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). We conducted a(More)
AIM Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors represent a new promising therapeutic intervention for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DPP-IV inhibition by PF-00734200, a potent competitive DPP-IV inhibitor, on the dynamics of DPP-IV activity and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) kinetics in(More)
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is an important modulator of high density lipoprotein cholesterol in humans and thus considered to be a therapeutic target for preventing cardiovascular disease. The gene encoding CETP has been shown to be highly variable, with multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms responsible for altering both its transcription(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lipid and nonlipid biomarker levels achieved during statin therapy and the incidence of major cardiovascular events (MCVEs) in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND Several plasma nonlipid biomarkers have been shown to predict MCVEs in population studies.(More)
OBJECTIVE—Circulating levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) likely comprise both a secreted isoform (esRAGE) and wild-type RAGE cleaved from the cell membrane. Both sRAGE and esRAGE have been proposed as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but prospective data are limited. We examined the relationship of sRAGE and(More)
We investigated whether atorvastatin 10 mg daily lowered C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether the effects of atorvastatin on cardiovascular disease (CVD) varied by achieved levels of CRP and LDL-cholesterol. CRP levels were measured at baseline and 1 year after randomisation to atorvastatin in 2,322 patients with type 2 diabetes (40–75 years, 69% males) in(More)