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OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to test the predictive value of an oxidative stress biomarker in 634 patients from the Prospective Randomized Evaluation of the Vascular Effects of Norvasc Trial (PREVENT). BACKGROUND Oxidative stress contributes to mechanisms of atherosclerosis and plaque instability. Biomarkers of oxidation, such as(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that succinate, long known as an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, may also have a role as a signaling molecule through GPR91 and that activation of this receptor results in blood pressure (BP) elevation via the renin-angiotensin system. We sought to test the hypothesis that GPR91 contributes to BP elevation in(More)
AIM Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors represent a new promising therapeutic intervention for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DPP-IV inhibition by PF-00734200, a potent competitive DPP-IV inhibitor, on the dynamics of DPP-IV activity and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) kinetics in(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) likely comprise both a secreted isoform (esRAGE) and wild-type RAGE cleaved from the cell membrane. Both sRAGE and esRAGE have been proposed as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but prospective data are limited. We examined the relationship of sRAGE and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lipid and nonlipid biomarker levels achieved during statin therapy and the incidence of major cardiovascular events (MCVEs) in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND Several plasma nonlipid biomarkers have been shown to predict MCVEs in population studies.(More)
UNLABELLED Several plasma non-lipid biomarkers have been shown to predict major cardiovascular events (MCVEs) in population studies. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between lipid and non-lipid biomarkers levels achieved during statin therapy and the incidence of MCVEs in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). We conducted a(More)
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is an important modulator of high density lipoprotein cholesterol in humans and thus considered to be a therapeutic target for preventing cardiovascular disease. The gene encoding CETP has been shown to be highly variable, with multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms responsible for altering both its transcription(More)
OBJECTIVE—Circulating levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) likely comprise both a secreted isoform (esRAGE) and wild-type RAGE cleaved from the cell membrane. Both sRAGE and esRAGE have been proposed as biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but prospective data are limited. We examined the relationship of sRAGE and(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS We investigated whether atorvastatin 10 mg daily lowered C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether the effects of atorvastatin on cardiovascular disease (CVD) varied by achieved levels of CRP and LDL-cholesterol. METHODS CRP levels were measured at baseline and 1 year after randomisation to atorvastatin in 2,322 patients with type 2 diabetes(More)
Increased glucose flux through the polyol pathway and the resultant oxidative stress is thought to be a major mechanistic contributor to microvascular diabetic complications. Inhibition of flux through this pathway can be blocked through inhibition of either of 2 enzymes, aldose reductase (AR) or sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH). This report describes the(More)