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The effect of six weeks of squat, plyometric and squat-plyo-metric training on power production. Weight training of the thigh muscles using closed vs. open kinetic chain exercises: a comparison of performance enhance ment. Acute and long-term power responses to power training: Observations on the training of an elite power athlete. The load that maximizes(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. METHODS A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousand and seventy-two participants in 100 clusters (health(More)
The strength and stability of the knee plays an integral role in athletics and activities of daily living. A better understanding of knee joint biomechanics while performing variations of the squat would be useful in rehabilitation and exercise prescription. We quantified and compared tibiofemoral joint kinetics as well as muscle activity while executing(More)
Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are common injuries in athletics and daily activity. Although most are resolved with conservative treatment, others develop chronic ankle instability (AI)-a condition associated with persistent pain, weakness, and instability-both mechanical (such as ligamentous laxity) and functional (neuromuscular impairment with or without(More)
Load carriage walking (LCW) challenges a person's balance as the load increases their forward trunk inclination, shifting the center of mass (COM) forward with respect to the base of support (BOS). We examined LCW to understand whether and how healthy people adjust the temporal relationship (TR) between the trunk and leg for balance control. Ten subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Ankle instability is a costly public health concern because of the associated recurrent sprains. It is evident there are neuromuscular control deficits predisposing these individuals to their ankle "giving way." Individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain, who did not develop instability, may hold the key to understanding proper(More)
CONTEXT Lateral ankle sprains occur more frequently than any other orthopedic injury. Athletes often report sustaining more injuries late in competition when fatigue is present. OBJECTIVE To evaluate neuromuscular function of the ankle musculature after fatigue. DESIGN Experimental, pretest-posttest. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Ten(More)
Load carriage walking is frequently associated with low back pain. Mechanical stress is a potential cause of such pain, and a lack of coordination variability may produce mechanical stress. We tested the hypothesis that coordination variability would decrease during load carriage walking. We examined the trunk-thigh coordination variability in the sagittal(More)
Many ankle injuries are said to occur when athletes are in a fatigued state; therefore, studies investigating the role that fatigue plays in ankle injuries are warranted. Furthermore, the contributions of the stretch reflex in countering the injury mechanism are still unclear. We hypothesized that (1) fatigue would impair the reflex response, (2) there(More)
Soccer participation, especially among females, is growing in popularity in the United States. Purposeful heading, an important soccer skill, has recently been scrutinized for safety reasons. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a relationship between purposeful heading and scores on cognitive function and balance in high school and(More)