Gregory M. Dick

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Estrogen and xenoestrogens (i.e. agents that are not steroids but possess estrogenic activity) increase the open probability (P(o)) of large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels in smooth muscle. The mechanism of action may involve the regulatory beta1 subunit. We used beta1 subunit knockout (beta1-/-) mice to test the hypothesis that the(More)
1. We used intracellular microelectrodes to record the membrane potential (Vm) of intact murine colonic smooth muscle. Electrical activity consisted of spike complexes separated by quiescent periods (Vm approximately -60 mV). The spike complexes consisted of about a dozen action potentials of approximately 30 mV amplitude. Tetraethylammonium (TEA, 1-10 mM)(More)
The patch-clamp technique was used to determine the ionic conductances activated by ATP in murine colonic smooth muscle cells. Extracellular ATP, UTP, and 2-methylthioadenosine 5'-triphosphate (2-MeS-ATP) increased outward currents in cells with amphotericin B-perforated patches. ATP (0.5-1 mM) did not affect whole cell currents of cells dialyzed with(More)
Smooth-muscle calcium-activated large-conductance potassium channels (BK channels) are activated by tamoxifen and 17-beta-estradiol. This increase in NP(o), the number of channels, N, multiplied by open probability, depends on the presence of the regulatory beta1-subunit. Furthermore, a previous study indicated that 17-beta-estradiol might bind an(More)
Hyperinsulinemia exists before the onset of overt type 2 diabetes mellitus. This response is at least partly due to enhanced insulin release from pancreatic beta-cells. Increased insulin secretion can be mimicked in vitro by acute culture of 832/13 rat insulinoma cells with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) inhibitors, a treatment that would(More)
Adenosine receptors (AR; A1, A2A, A2B, and A3) contract and relax smooth muscle through different signaling mechanisms. Deciphering these complex responses remains difficult because relationships between AR subtypes and various end-effectors (e.g., enzymes and ion channels) remain to be identified. A1AR stimulation is associated with the production of(More)
Aging diminishes myogenic tone in arterioles from skeletal muscle. Recent evidence indicates that both large-conductance Ca2+-activated (BKCa) and voltage-dependent (KV) K+ channels mediate negative feedback control of the myogenic response. Thus we tested the hypothesis that aging increases the contributions of KV and BKCa channels to myogenic regulation(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase protein and newly recognized indicator of cardiovascular risk, may have direct actions on the vascular wall. Previous studies suggest that CRP is a vasodilator that activates smooth muscle K(+) channels. We examined the reported vasoactive properties of CRP and further explored its mechanisms of action. CRP decreased(More)
Hyperleptinemia, associated with prediabetes, is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease and a mediator of coronary endothelial dysfunction. We previously demonstrated that acutely raising the leptin concentration to levels comparable with those observed in human obesity significantly attenuates coronary dilation/relaxation to acetylcholine(More)
We demonstrated previously that BK (K(Ca)1.1) channel activity (NP(o)) increases in response to bisphenol A (BPA). Moreover, BK channels containing regulatory β1 subunits were more sensitive to the stimulatory effect of BPA. How BPA increases BK channel NPo remains mostly unknown. Estradiol activates BK channels by binding to an extracellular site, but(More)