Gregory M. Dick

Learn More
Estrogen (17beta-estradiol; 17betaE) and xenoestrogens, estrogenic compounds that are not steroid hormones, have non-genomic actions at plasma membrane receptors unrelated to the nuclear estrogen receptor. The open probability (P(o)) of large conductance Ca(2+)/voltage-sensitive k(+)(BK) channels is increased by 17betaE through the regulatory beta1 subunit.(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is a proposed endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and metabolic vasodilator of the coronary circulation, but its mechanisms of action on vascular smooth muscle remain unclear. Voltage-dependent K(+) (K(V)) channels sensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) contain redox-sensitive thiol groups and may mediate coronary(More)
1. Volume-Sensitive, Outwardly Rectifying (VSOR) Cl- currents were measured in canine colonic myocytes by whole-cell patch clamp. Decreasing extracellular osmolarity 50 milliosmoles l-1 activated current that was carried by Cl- and 5 - 7 times greater in the outward direction. 2. Niflumic acid, an inhibitor of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels, did not inhibit(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the dismutated product of superoxide (O2*-), couples myocardial oxygen consumption to coronary blood flow. Accordingly, we measured O2*- and H2O2 production by isolated cardiac myocytes, determined the role of mitochondrial electron transport in the production of these species, and determined(More)
The role of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in regulation of coronary microvascular function is widely appreciated, but molecular and functional changes underlying the deleterious influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) have not been determined. Male Ossabaw miniature swine consumed for 3-6 mo a normal diet (11% kcal from fat) or an(More)
Estrogen and xenoestrogens (i.e. agents that are not steroids but possess estrogenic activity) increase the open probability (P(o)) of large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels in smooth muscle. The mechanism of action may involve the regulatory beta1 subunit. We used beta1 subunit knockout (beta1-/-) mice to test the hypothesis that the(More)
1. We used intracellular microelectrodes to record the membrane potential (Vm) of intact murine colonic smooth muscle. Electrical activity consisted of spike complexes separated by quiescent periods (Vm approximately -60 mV). The spike complexes consisted of about a dozen action potentials of approximately 30 mV amplitude. Tetraethylammonium (TEA, 1-10 mM)(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that K(V) channels contribute to metabolic control of coronary blood flow and that decreases in K(V) channel function and/or expression significantly attenuate myocardial oxygen supply-demand balance in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Experiments were conducted in conscious, chronically(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to manufacture plastics, including containers for food into which it may leach. High levels of exposure to this oestrogenic endocrine disruptor are associated with diabetes and heart disease. Oestrogen and oestrogen receptor modulators increase the activity of large conductance Ca(2+)/voltage-sensitive K(+)(More)
Adenosine A1 receptor (A1AR) activation contracts smooth muscle, although signaling mechanisms are not thoroughly understood. Activation of A1AR leads to metabolism of arachidonic acid, including the production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) by cytochrome P4504a (CYP4a). The 20-HETE can activate protein kinase C-α (PKC-α), which crosstalks(More)