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Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is a proposed endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and metabolic vasodilator of the coronary circulation, but its mechanisms of action on vascular smooth muscle remain unclear. Voltage-dependent K(+) (K(V)) channels sensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) contain redox-sensitive thiol groups and may mediate coronary(More)
1. Volume-Sensitive, Outwardly Rectifying (VSOR) Cl- currents were measured in canine colonic myocytes by whole-cell patch clamp. Decreasing extracellular osmolarity 50 milliosmoles l-1 activated current that was carried by Cl- and 5 - 7 times greater in the outward direction. 2. Niflumic acid, an inhibitor of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels, did not inhibit(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the dismutated product of superoxide (O2*-), couples myocardial oxygen consumption to coronary blood flow. Accordingly, we measured O2*- and H2O2 production by isolated cardiac myocytes, determined the role of mitochondrial electron transport in the production of these species, and determined(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that K(V) channels contribute to metabolic control of coronary blood flow and that decreases in K(V) channel function and/or expression significantly attenuate myocardial oxygen supply-demand balance in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Experiments were conducted in conscious, chronically(More)
The role of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in regulation of coronary microvascular function is widely appreciated, but molecular and functional changes underlying the deleterious influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) have not been determined. Male Ossabaw miniature swine consumed for 3-6 mo a normal diet (11% kcal from fat) or an(More)
Estrogen (17beta-estradiol; 17betaE) and xenoestrogens, estrogenic compounds that are not steroid hormones, have non-genomic actions at plasma membrane receptors unrelated to the nuclear estrogen receptor. The open probability (P(o)) of large conductance Ca(2+)/voltage-sensitive k(+)(BK) channels is increased by 17betaE through the regulatory beta1 subunit.(More)
Adenosine A1 receptor (A1AR) activation contracts smooth muscle, although signaling mechanisms are not thoroughly understood. Activation of A1AR leads to metabolism of arachidonic acid, including the production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) by cytochrome P4504a (CYP4a). The 20-HETE can activate protein kinase C-α (PKC-α), which crosstalks(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to manufacture plastics, including containers for food into which it may leach. High levels of exposure to this oestrogenic endocrine disruptor are associated with diabetes and heart disease. Oestrogen and oestrogen receptor modulators increase the activity of large conductance Ca(2+)/voltage-sensitive K(+)(More)
Swelling-activated or volume-sensitive Cl- currents are found in numerous cell types and play a variety of roles in their function; however, molecular characterization of the channels is generally lacking. Recently, the molecular entity responsible for swelling-activated Cl- current in cardiac myocytes has been identified as ClC-3. The goal of our study was(More)
We previously demonstrated a role for voltage-dependent K(+) (K(V)) channels in coronary vasodilation elicited by myocardial metabolism and exogenous H(2)O(2), as responses were attenuated by the K(V) channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). Here we tested the hypothesis that K(V) channels participate in coronary reactive hyperemia and examined the role of(More)