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Swelling-activated or volume-sensitive Cl- currents are found in numerous cell types and play a variety of roles in their function; however, molecular characterization of the channels is generally lacking. Recently, the molecular entity responsible for swelling-activated Cl- current in cardiac myocytes has been identified as ClC-3. The goal of our study was(More)
This investigation was designed to examine the hypothesis that impaired function of coronary microvascular large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly attenuates the balance between myocardial oxygen delivery and metabolism at rest and during exercise-induced increases in myocardial oxygen consumption(More)
Estrogen and xenoestrogens (i.e. agents that are not steroids but possess estrogenic activity) increase the open probability (P(o)) of large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels in smooth muscle. The mechanism of action may involve the regulatory beta1 subunit. We used beta1 subunit knockout (beta1-/-) mice to test the hypothesis that the(More)
1. We used intracellular microelectrodes to record the membrane potential (Vm) of intact murine colonic smooth muscle. Electrical activity consisted of spike complexes separated by quiescent periods (Vm approximately -60 mV). The spike complexes consisted of about a dozen action potentials of approximately 30 mV amplitude. Tetraethylammonium (TEA, 1-10 mM)(More)
The patch-clamp technique was used to determine the ionic conductances activated by ATP in murine colonic smooth muscle cells. Extracellular ATP, UTP, and 2-methylthioadenosine 5'-triphosphate (2-MeS-ATP) increased outward currents in cells with amphotericin B-perforated patches. ATP (0.5-1 mM) did not affect whole cell currents of cells dialyzed with(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase protein and newly recognized indicator of cardiovascular risk, may have direct actions on the vascular wall. Previous studies suggest that CRP is a vasodilator that activates smooth muscle K(+) channels. We examined the reported vasoactive properties of CRP and further explored its mechanisms of action. CRP decreased(More)
Recent studies implicate channels of the transient receptor potential vanilloid family (e.g., TRPV1) in regulating vascular tone; however, little is known about these channels in the coronary circulation. Furthermore, it is unclear whether metabolic syndrome alters the function and/or expression of TRPV1. We tested the hypothesis that TRPV1 mediates(More)
Hyperleptinemia, associated with prediabetes, is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease and a mediator of coronary endothelial dysfunction. We previously demonstrated that acutely raising the leptin concentration to levels comparable with those observed in human obesity significantly attenuates coronary dilation/relaxation to acetylcholine(More)
The role of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in regulation of coronary microvascular function is widely appreciated, but molecular and functional changes underlying the deleterious influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) have not been determined. Male Ossabaw miniature swine consumed for 3-6 mo a normal diet (11% kcal from fat) or an(More)
Smooth-muscle calcium-activated large-conductance potassium channels (BK channels) are activated by tamoxifen and 17-beta-estradiol. This increase in NP(o), the number of channels, N, multiplied by open probability, depends on the presence of the regulatory beta1-subunit. Furthermore, a previous study indicated that 17-beta-estradiol might bind an(More)