Gregory L Aranovich

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
A new approach to molecular diffusion is developed using density functionals for fluxes and the Metropolis algorithm in the mass balance equation. This procedure results in a new equation for diffusion of interacting particles which has multiple solutions and gives density distributions for coexisting and metastable phases. It is shown that the diffusion of(More)
Adsorbing carrier gases have a number of advantages in analytical and preparative gas chromatography, such as clearer detector signals and higher column efficiencies. This work shows that adsorbing carrier gases also may be useful because they cause the mobile phase flow rate to become unsteady after injecting a small amount of sample. This work shows that(More)
Phase loops with multiple solutions are observed in calculations of lattice density-functional theory. It is shown that the standard numerical methods for solving such problems distort the solution. A technique is proposed to obtain multiple solutions for phase equilibria in confined fluids. This method gives the entire phase equilibrium curve, including(More)
A density functional theory of diffusion is developed for lattice fluids with molecular flux as a functional of the density distribution. The formalism coincides exactly with the generalized Ono-Kondo density functional theory when there is no gradient of chemical potential, i.e., at equilibrium. Away from equilibrium, it gives Fick's first law in the(More)
A priori information is used to derive the chemical potential as a function of density and temperature for 2D and 3D lattice systems. The functional form of this equation of state is general in terms of lattice type and dimensionality, though it contains critical temperature and critical density as parameters which depend on lattice type and dimensionality.(More)
Liquid-vapor density profiles are derived from the equilibrium limit of diffusion equation for interacting particles. These profiles are in good agreement with classical hyperbolic tangent relation. For simple Lennard-Jones fluids, predicted density distributions agree with computer simulation data, but have a slightly sharper transition zone. For alkali(More)
Low temperature, Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations were used to study the adsorption of fluid layers on cubic, hexagonal, and atomically smooth substrates to determine the effects of registry and surface compression on the system. The size of the fluid molecules was fixed to be 20% larger than the substrate molecules in order to observe the transition(More)
Recently, it has been shown that adsorption of gases on solid surfaces often leads to repulsive forces between adsorbate molecules. In this paper, adsorption of molecules on a one-dimensional lattice is considered for repulsive interactions between adsorbate molecules. Exact adsorption isotherms are calculated and analyzed for finite and infinite chains of(More)
The inconsistency between density profiles of fluids near surfaces and predictions of classical diffusion model is analyzed. A new diffusion equation and its solutions are proposed to reconcile adsorption behavior with predictions of the diffusion equation at the equilibrium limit. The classical phenomenological model of diffusion in fluids is based on the(More)
In previous work, lattice density functional theory equations have been recast into differential form to determine a property whose gradient is universally proportional to the diffusive flux. For color counter diffusion, this property appears as the impingement rate onto vacancies and molecules of a species whose density gradient can be influenced by(More)