Gregory J. S. Lohman

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Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the conversion of nucleoside 5'-diphosphates to the corresponding deoxynucleotides supplying the dNTPs required for DNA replication and DNA repair. Class I RNRs require two subunits, alpha and beta, for activity. Humans possess two beta subunits: one involved in S phase DNA replication (beta) and a second in(More)
Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides in all organisms. The class I RNRs are composed of two subunits, alpha and beta, with proposed quaternary structures of alpha2beta2, alpha6beta2, or alpha6beta6, depending on the organism. The alpha subunits bind the nucleoside diphosphate substrates and the dNTP/ATP(More)
Gemcitabine 5'-diphosphate (F(2)CDP) is a potent inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs), enzymes that convert nucleotides (NDPs) to deoxynucleotides and are essential for DNA replication and repair. The Escherichia coli RNR, an alpha2beta2 complex, when incubated with 1 equiv of F(2)CDP catalyzes the release of two fluorides and cytosine concomitant(More)
The glucosamine residues in heparin-like glycosaminoglycans have been found to exist as amines, acetamides, and N-sulfonates. To develop a completely general, modular synthesis of heparin, three degrees of orthogonal nitrogen protection are required. Reported herein is a strategy for the synthesis of fully N-differentiated heparin oligosaccharides in the(More)
The Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside diphosphates to deoxynucleotides and requires a diferric-tyrosyl radical cofactor for catalysis. RNR is composed of a 1:1 complex of two homodimeric subunits: R and . Incubation of the E441Q-R mutant RNR with substrate CDP and allosteric effector TTP results in loss(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) from Lactobacillus leichmannii, a 76 kDa monomer using adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) as a cofactor, catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside triphosphates to deoxynucleotides and is rapidly (<30 sec) inactivated by one equivalent (eq.) of 2′,2′-difluoro-2′deoxycytidine 5′-triphosphate (F2CTP). [1′-3H] and [5-H]-F2CTP were(More)
T4 DNA ligase catalyzes phosphodiester bond formation between juxtaposed 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl termini in duplex DNA in three steps: 1) enzyme-adenylylate formation by reaction with ATP; 2) adenylyl transfer to a 5'-phosphorylated polynucleotide to generate adenylylated DNA; and 3) phosphodiester bond formation with release of AMP. This investigation(More)
Single-stranded DNA molecules (ssDNA) annealed to an RNA splint are notoriously poor substrates for DNA ligases. Herein we report the unexpectedly efficient ligation of RNA-splinted DNA by Chlorella virus DNA ligase (PBCV-1 DNA ligase). PBCV-1 DNA ligase ligated ssDNA splinted by RNA with kcat ≈ 8 x 10(-3) s(-1) and K(M) < 1 nM at 25 °C under conditions(More)
DNA ligases have broad application in molecular biology, from traditional cloning methods to modern synthetic biology and molecular diagnostics protocols. Ligation-based detection of polynucleotide sequences can be achieved by the ligation of probe oligonucleotides when annealed to a complementary target sequence. In order to achieve a high sensitivity and(More)
Melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei and is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates in endemic areas. Antibiotic treatment is protracted and not always successful; even with appropriate therapy, up to 40% of individuals presenting with melioidosis in Thailand succumb to infection. In these(More)