Learn More
The basic machinery for the translocation of proteins into or across membranes is remarkably conserved from Escherichia coli to humans. In eukaryotes, proteins are inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum using the signal recognition particle (SRP) and the SRP receptor, as well as the integral membrane Sec61 trimeric complex (composed of alpha, beta and(More)
FtsE and FtsX have homology to the ABC transporter superfamily of proteins and appear to be widely conserved among bacteria. Early work implicated FtsEX in cell division in Escherichia coli, but this was subsequently challenged, in part because the division defects in ftsEX mutants are often salt remedial. Strain RG60 has an ftsE::kan null mutation that is(More)
Homologues of the gene encoding the 54K (M(r) 54,000) subunit of the mammalian signal recognition particle have been identified in different organisms. The Escherichia coli homologue, termed ffh (for fifty-four homologue), specifies a protein (Ffh) that shares many properties with its eukaryotic counterpart, including association with mammalian 7S RNA and(More)
Two general approaches have been used to define genetically the genes that encode components of the cellular protein export machinery. One of these strategies identifies mutations that confer a conditional-lethal, pleiotropic export defect (sec, secretion). The other identifies dominant suppressors of signal sequence mutations (prl, protein localization).(More)
Targeting of the cytoplasmic membrane protein leader peptidase (Lep) and a Lep mutant (Lep-inv) that inserts with an inverted topology compared to the wild-type protein was studied in Escherichia coli strains that are conditional for the expression of either Ffh or 4.5S RNA, the two components of the E. coli SRP. Depletion of either component strongly(More)
In Escherichia coli K-12, sbcB/xonA is the structural gene for exonuclease I, an enzyme that hydrolyzes single-stranded DNA to mononucleotides in the 3'-to-5' direction. This enzyme has been implicated in the DNA repair and recombination pathways mediated by the recB and recC gene products (exonuclease V). We have cloned several sbcB/xonA mutant alleles in(More)
Mutations that increase the copy number of the pSC101 replicon have been used for construction of new cloning vectors. Replacement of glutamate at position 93 in RepA yields plasmids that replicate at medium (27 copies/cell) and high (approximately 240 copies/cell) copy numbers. Based on the crystal structure of RepE, a structurally similar replication(More)
Haemophilus parasuis is a swine pathogen of significant industry concern, but little is known about how the organism causes disease. A related human pathogen, Haemophilus influenzae, has been better studied, and many of its virulence factors have been identified. Two of these, outer membrane proteins P2 and P5, are known to have important virulence(More)
The use of green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter for protein localization in Escherichia coli was explored by creating gene fusions between malE (encoding maltose-binding protein [MBP]) and a variant of gfp optimized for fluorescence in bacteria (GFPuv). These constructs encode hybrid proteins composed of GFP fused to the carboxy-terminal end of(More)