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Before heart rate (HR) variability can be used for predictive purposes in the clinical setting, day-to-day variation and reproducibility need to be defined as do relations to mean HR. HR variability and mean HR were therefore determined in 2 successive 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms obtained from 33 normal subjects (age 34 +/- 7 years, group I), and(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared three commonly used methods of ankle/brachial index (ABI) calculation to determine their relative association with objective measures of leg functioning in peripheral arterial disease. METHOD The study design was cross-sectional; the setting was an academic medical center. The participants were 244 men and women, aged 55 years and(More)
This prospective, cohort study analyzed the prevalence of alcoholism and patterns of alcohol intake over time in a cohort of HIV-infected patients, predominantly homosexual/bisexual men. One hundred eleven HIV-positive subjects were recruited from a comprehensive HIV clinic associated with a large Midwestern university hospital. Each participant completed(More)
OBJECTIVES Maintaining function among older men and women is an important public health goal as the population lives longer with chronic disease. We report the relationships between lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD), PAD severity, and PAD-related symptoms with walking velocity and endurance among men and women aged 55 and older. DESIGN A(More)
BACKGROUND A surgical risk model is used to analyze postoperative mortality and late survival for older veterans who underwent above- or below-knee amputations in 119 Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals from 1991 to 1995. METHODS Preoperative medical conditions and laboratory values abstracted by the VA National Surgical Quality Improvement Program were(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was the prospective comparison of functional outcomes after lower extremity bypass grafting surgery, angioplasty, or medical management of intermittent claudication. METHODS The study was designed as a prospective cohort study to compare functional outcomes for patients with interventional management to medical(More)
Many species of microalgae produce greatly enhanced amounts of triacylglycerides (TAGs), the key product for biodiesel production, in response to specific environmental stresses. Improvement of TAG production by microalgae through optimization of growth regimes is of great interest. This relies on understanding microalgal lipid metabolism in relation to(More)
In 2003, 44 U.S. Marines were evacuated from Liberia with either confirmed or presumed Plasmodium falciparum malaria. An outbreak investigation showed that only 19 (45%) used insect repellent, 5 (12%) used permethrin-treated clothing, and none used bed netting. Adherence with weekly mefloquine (MQ) was reported by 23 (55%). However, only 4 (10%) had serum(More)