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Mice of five inbred strains (BALB/c, C3H, C3Hf, DBA/2, and C57BL/6) of both sexes, mated and virginal, were examined for the incidence, severity, and location of dystrophic cardiac calcinosis (DCC) at various ages. Three hybrids, B6C3F1, C3B6F1, and CC3F1 of both sexes, all mated, were likewise studied. Excepting DBA/2, females of the inbred strains(More)
This stock of albino mice is minimally inbred (0.5% per generation), and has been rigidly selected for fecundity. It is widely employed in oncological and pharmaceutical research. Spontaneous tumours arose in 55% of animals, multiple in 28%, averaging 1.66 per mouse. Females developed tumours at an earlier age than males. Predominant tumour types were(More)
Caveolin (Cav)-1 has been involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic injuries. For instance, modulations of Cav-1 expression have been reported in animal models of myocardial infarction and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Furthermore, ablation of the Cav-1 gene in mice has been shown to increase the extent of ischemic injury in models of cerebral and hindlimb(More)
We have recently proposed a new model for understanding tumor metabolism, termed: "The Autophagic Tumor Stroma Model of Cancer Metabolism". In this new paradigm, catabolism (autophagy) in the tumor stroma fuels the anabolic growth of aggressive cancer cells. Mechanistically, tumor cells induce autophagy in adjacent cancer-associated fibroblasts via the loss(More)
The "nude" mouse is a unique tool for immunologic studies. Its relatively short life span dictates the application of rigid environmental controls to increase longevity if the mouse is to assume the role of a practical experimental animal. In this paper we discussed the husbandry procedures employed to raise "nude" mice in our facilities under conventional,(More)
An alkylating derivative of a hydrocarbon, 10-chloromethyl-9-chloroanthracene, gave rise to reduced numbers of chemically induced pulmonary adenomas in strain A mice enzootically infected with Sendai virus, while in the case of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, the opposite relationship was observed. Therefore, the presence or absence of viral infection was(More)