Gregory J. Czarnota

Learn More
SummaryA new non-invasive method for monitoring apoptosis has been developed using high frequency (40 MHz) ultrasound imaging. Conventional ultrasound backscatter imaging techniques were used to observe apoptosis occurring in response to anticancer agents in cells in vitro, in tissues ex vivo and in live animals. The mechanism behind this ultrasonic(More)
Ultrasound (US) spectral analysis methods are used to analyze the radiofrequency (RF) data collected from cell pellets exposed to chemotherapeutics that induce apoptosis and other chemicals that induce nuclear transformations. Calibrated backscatter spectra from regions-of-interest (ROI) were analyzed using linear regression techniques to calculate the(More)
High-frequency ultrasound is a novel method to detect apoptotic cell death based on changes in cell morphology that cause alterations in the viscoelastic and, consequently, the acoustic properties of cell ensembles and tissues. In this study, we evaluated the first preclinical tumor-based use of high-frequency ultrasound spectroscopy to noninvasively(More)
Ultrasonic imaging is frequently used in medical diagnosis to differentiate normal and tumour tissues. Here we investigate if distinct types of cell death can be discriminated through the use of ultrasound biomicroscopy. By using a well-controlled system in vitro, we demonstrate that this imaging modality can be used to differentiate living cells, dead(More)
We investigate the use of signal envelope statistics to monitor and quantify structural changes during cell death using an in vitro cell model. Using a f/2.35 transducer (center frequency 20 MHz), ultrasound backscatter data were obtained from pellets of acute myeloid leukemia cells treated with a DNA-intercolating chemotherapy drug, as well as from pellets(More)
This study aims to explain the contribution of changes in cellular size variance (CSV) to increases in ultrasound-integrated backscatter (UIB) measured from cell samples undergoing cell death. A Monte Carlo algorithm was used to compare simulations of 2D distributions of cells, uniform (CSV = 0) versus heterogeneous (CSV > 0) and the same mean cellular size(More)
PURPOSE Currently, no imaging modality is used routinely to assess tumor responses to radiotherapy within hours to days after the delivery of treatment. In this study, we show the application of quantitative ultrasound methods to characterize tumor responses to cancer radiotherapy in vivo, as early as 24 hours after treatment administration. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Ultrasound can be used to target endothelial cells in cancer therapy where the destruction of vasculature leads to tumor cell death. Here, we demonstrate ultrasound bioeffects in which the levels of genes in endothelial cells can be significantly altered by ultrasound-stimulated microbubble exposure. These were compared with established effects of radiation(More)
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) spectroscopic techniques in conjunction with maximum mean discrepancy (MMD) have been proposed to detect, and to classify noninvasively the levels of cell death in response to cancer therapy administration in tumor models. Evaluation of xenograft tumor responses to cancer treatments were carried out using conventional-frequency(More)