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The UCLH Mark 1b is a portable EIT system that can address up to 64 electrodes, which has been designed for imaging brain function with scalp electrodes. It employs a single impedance-measuring circuit and multiplexer so that electrode combinations may be addressed flexibly using software. It operates in the relatively low frequency band between 225 Hz and(More)
Multi-frequency electrical impedance tomography (MFEIT) was proposed over 10 years ago as a potential spectroscopic impedance imaging method. At least seven systems have been developed for imaging the lung, heart, breast and brain, yet none has yet achieved clinical acceptance. While the absolute impedance varies considerably between different tissues, the(More)
An EIT system has been produced that has been optimized for imaging impedance changes with scalp electrodes during brain activity in ambulant subjects. It can record from 225 Hz to 65 kHz, has a small headbox on a lead 10 m long, and has software programmable electrode selection. In calibration experiments in a small cylindrical tank filled with potassium(More)
Real-time ultrasound was used to examine the brains of all 95 infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestation who were admitted to the neonatal unit of University College Hospital in 1979. Evidence was obtained which strongly suggested that pneumothorax causes and aggravates haemorrhage into the germinal layer and ventricles of preterm infants.
A linear-array real-time ultrasound scanner with a 5 MHz probe was used to examine the brains of 31 infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestation. The equipment was mounted on a small trolley and the infants could easily be scanned in their incubators. 7 of the 31 infants were shown to have cerebral lesions, including haemorrhages into the germinal layer(More)
Comparisons were made in 69 newborn infants of the appearance of the brain as visualised by linear-array real-time ultrasound, computerised tomography and at autopsy, in order to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound for the detection of lesions in the brain. Ultrasound was found to give a good estimate of the presence and extent of haemorrhage into the(More)
Spinal mobilization or manipulation techniques are frequently used by physiotherapists in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Many of these techniques involve the application of a varying force to the affected joint. Despite the routine use of these techniques, there are no objective measures to quantify their use. This paper describes the(More)