Learn More
The mechanisms that generate specific neuronal connections in the brain are under intense investigation. In zebrafish, retinal ganglion cells project their axons into at least six layers within the neuropil of the midbrain tectum. Each axon elaborates a single, planar arbor in one of the target layers and forms synapses onto the dendrites of tectal neurons.(More)
Olfactomedins comprise a diverse family of secreted glycoproteins, which includes noelin, tiarin, pancortin and gliomedin, implicated in development of the nervous system, and the glaucoma-associated protein myocilin. Here we show in zebrafish that olfactomedin-2 (OM2) is a developmentally regulated gene, and that knockdown of protein expression by(More)
Although recent studies have extended our understanding of agrin's function during development, its function in the central nervous system (CNS) is not clearly understood. To address this question, zebrafish agrin was identified and characterized. Zebrafish agrin is expressed in the developing CNS and in nonneural structures such as somites and notochord.(More)
Although the role of agrin in the formation of the neuromuscular junction is well established, other functions for agrin have remained elusive. The present study was undertaken to assess the role of agrin in neurite outgrowth mediated by the heparin-binding growth factor basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), which we have shown previously to bind to agrin(More)
Factor H, a regulatory protein of the alternative pathway of complement (APC), is present in amyloid-beta (Abeta) plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Abeta plaques also contain significant amounts of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), such as agrin, as well as numerous activated microglia expressing increased levels complement receptor 3 (CR3). Here,(More)
Recent studies have begun to investigate the role of agrin in brain and suggest that agrin's function likely extends beyond that of a synaptogenic protein. Particularly, it has been shown that agrin is associated with the pathological lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may contribute to the formation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques in AD. We have(More)
Recent studies have begun to investigate the role of agrin in brain and suggest that agrin's function likely extends beyond that of a synaptogenic protein. Particularly, it has been shown that agrin is associated with the pathological lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may contribute to the formation of ␤-amyloid (A␤) plaques in AD. We have extended(More)
Neuroepithelium is an apicobasally polarized tissue that contains neural stem cells and gives rise to neurons and glial cells of the central nervous system. The cleavage orientation of neural stem cells is thought to be important for asymmetric segregation of fate-determinants, such as Numb. Here, we show that an intermediate filament protein, transitin,(More)
PURPOSE The inner limiting membrane (ILM) and the vitreous body (VB) are major parts of the extracellular matrix of the eye. The present study was undertaken to investigate the synthesis and turnover of the ILM and VB in chick and human embryonic and postembryonic eye development. METHODS The abundance of ILM and VB proteins was determined by Western blot(More)
Recent studies from our laboratory have begun to elucidate the role of agrin in zebrafish development. One agrin morphant phenotype that results from agrin knockdown is microphthalmia (reduced eye size). To begin to understand the mechanisms underlying the role of agrin in eye development, we have analyzed retina development in agrin morphants. Retinal(More)