Gregory J. Anger

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Members of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporter family, including P-glycoprotein (PGP), the multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) and the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) have been shown to be highly expressed in the human placenta. Recent studies documented that the oral hypoglycemic glyburide does not cross the human placenta(More)
The antidiabetic agent glyburide (glibenclamide) is frequently used for the treatment of type II diabetes and is increasingly being used for the treatment of gestational diabetes. Evidence suggests that breast cancer resistance protein/ATP-binding cassette, subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2) expressed in the placenta protects the fetus against the accumulation(More)
Hepatic ABC efflux transporters control the cellular uptake (in basolateral membranes) and excretion (in apical membranes) of many substrates. Since type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with altered hepatobiliary excretion of many endogenous and exogenous substances, we examined key hepatic ABC transporters and levels of the endogenous substrate(More)
Prescription and over-the-counter drug use during pregnancy is necessary for many women today. A study of US and Canadian women found that, on average, 2.3 drugs were used during pregnancy; however, 28% reported using more than 4. For some women, this is because they become pregnant with preexisting conditions that require ongoing or intermittent(More)
Drug efflux transporters in the placenta can significantly influence the materno-fetal transfer of a diverse array of drugs and other xenobiotics. To determine if clinically important drug efflux transporter expression is altered in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM-I) or type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM-I), we compared the(More)
It is currently unknown whether gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a prevalent obstetrical complication, compounds the changes in drug disposition that occur naturally in pregnancy. Hyperlipidemia occurs in GDM. Using a rat model of GDM, we determined whether excess lipids compete with drugs for plasma protein binding. Because lipids activate nuclear(More)
We compared the neuroprotective efficacy of a potent and CNS-penetrant cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3beta) inhibitor (Compound 1) in juvenile (postnatal day 21; P21) and adult C57Bl/6 mice (postnatal day 60; P60) using a model of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HI). Neuronal cell counts and density measures from brain(More)
Lopinavir (LPV) is the preferred HIV protease inhibitor in pregnancy, but it is unknown if gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects its disposition. Hepatic protein expression and plasma protein binding are altered in rodent models of GDM. Because LPV is influenced by hepatic transporters and metabolic enzymes and is highly protein bound, it was(More)
Glyburide, a drug used to treat gestational diabetes has previously been shown not to be measurable in fetal blood, and to be transferred from the fetal to the maternal circulation against a concentration gradient. The objective of the study is to determine whether indomethacin, an inhibitor of the multi-drug resistance family (MRP) of transporters is(More)