Gregory H Foster

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Shiga toxin-producing enterohemorrhagic E. coli infections cause bloody diarrhea, which may progress to life-threatening complications such as the hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). HUS patients frequently have elevated levels of the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) detectable in urine. Thus, sequelae may develop following the(More)
Infections with Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing bacteria cause bloody diarrhea which may progress to life-threatening complications, including acute renal failure and neurological abnormalities. The precise mechanism of disease progression is unclear, although evidence suggests that the localized production of the host proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis(More)
Macrolide antibiotics decrease proinflammatory cytokine production in airway cells from subjects with chronic airway inflammation. However, in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, short-term azithromycin (AZM) therapy causes a transient early increase in the blood neutrophil oxidative burst followed by a decrease in inflammatory markers with(More)
Escherichia coli-derived verotoxins (VT; Shiga toxins) are causally related to the pathogenesis of enteropathic hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Profound hemolysis is a defining feature of the disease, but it is not known whether the acute intravascular release of heme proteins contributes to HUS pathology. This study examined the biologic effects of hemin(More)
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