Gregory Grabowski

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Parkinson's disease (PD), an adult neurodegenerative disorder, has been clinically linked to the lysosomal storage disorder Gaucher disease (GD), but the mechanistic connection is not known. Here, we show that functional loss of GD-linked glucocerebrosidase (GCase) in primary cultures or human iPS neurons compromises lysosomal protein degradation, causes(More)
Fabry disease (alpha-galactosidase A deficiency) is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disorder. Although the disease presents in childhood and culminates in cardiac, cerebrovascular, and end-stage renal disease, diagnosis is often delayed or missed. This paper reviews the key signs and symptoms of Fabry disease and provides expert recommendations for(More)
Gaucher disease, the most common lysosomal storage disorder, is a heterogeneous multisystem condition. Patients with non-neuronopathic (type 1) Gaucher disease may suffer from hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, bleeding tendencies, anemia, hypermetabolism, skeletal pathology, growth retardation, pulmonary disease, and decreased quality of life.(More)
Emerging genetic and clinical evidence suggests a link between Gaucher disease and the synucleinopathies Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Here, we provide evidence that a mouse model of Gaucher disease (Gba1(D409V/D409V)) exhibits characteristics of synucleinopathies, including progressive accumulation of proteinase K-resistant(More)
The mammalian aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ubiquitous ligand-activated transcription factor. AHR ligands include 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD; dioxin), benzo[a]pyrene, and polychlorinated and polybrominated biphenyls; the endogenous ligand is not yet known. Following ligand binding, the AHR transcriptionally activates genes encoding(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of mannose-terminated glucocerbrosidase prepared from natural (alglucerase; Ceredase, Genzyme Corp., Cambridge, Massachusetts) and recombinant (imiglucerase; Cerezyme, Genzyme Corp.) sources in treating type 1 Gaucher disease. DESIGN Double-blind, randomized, parallel trial. SETTING University medical center and(More)
OBJECTIVE Heterozygous mutations in the GBA1 gene elevate the risk of Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies; both disorders are characterized by misprocessing of α-synuclein (SNCA). A loss in lysosomal acid-β-glucosidase enzyme (GCase) activity due to biallelic GBA1 mutations underlies Gaucher disease. We explored mechanisms for the gene's(More)
Differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into organ-specific subtypes offers an exciting avenue for the study of embryonic development and disease processes, for pharmacologic studies and as a potential resource for therapeutic transplant. To date, limited in vivo models exist for human intestine, all of which are dependent upon primary(More)
Gaucher disease is the most prevalent lysosomal storage disease and has its highest incidence in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Over 100 mutant alleles have been identified in affected patients, but four alleles, termed N370S, L444P, 84GG, and IVS2, have significant frequencies in this population. In affected patients, genotype data show that the presence(More)