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Process measurements can be used in an optimization framework to compensate the effects of run-time uncertainty. Among the various options for input adap-tion, a promising approach consists of directly enforcing the Necessary Conditions of Optimality (NCO) that include two parts: the active constraints and the sensitivities. In this paper, the variations of(More)
Real-time optimization (RTO) is a class of methods that use measurements to reject the effect of uncertainty on optimal performance. This article compares six implicit RTO schemes, that is, schemes that implement optimality not through numerical optimization but rather via the control of appropriate variables. For unconstrained processes, the ideal(More)
Lower and upper bounds for a given function are important in many mathematical and engineering contexts, where they often serve as a base for both analysis and application. In this short paper, we derive piecewise linear and quadratic bounds that are stated in terms of the Lipschitz constants of the function and the Lipschitz constants of its partial(More)
Obtaining a reliable gradient estimate for an unknown function when given only its discrete measurements is a common problem in many engineering disciplines. While there are many approaches to obtaining an estimate of a gradient, obtaining lower and upper bounds on this estimate is an issue that is often overlooked, as rigorous bounds that are not overly(More)
Real-Time Optimization (RTO) via modifier adaptation is a class of methods for which measurements are used to iteratively adapt the model via input-affine additive terms. The modifier terms correspond to the deviations between the measured and predicted constraints on the one hand, and the measured and predicted cost and constraint gradients on the other.(More)
Real-time optimization (RTO) methods use measurements to offset the effect of uncertainty and drive the plant to optimality. RTO schemes differ in the way measurements are incorporated in the optimization framework. Explicit RTO schemes solve a static optimization problem repeatedly, with each iteration requiring transient operation of the plant to steady(More)
The steady advances of computational methods make model-based optimization an increasingly attractive method for process improvement. Unfortunately, the available models are often inaccurate. The traditional remedy is to update the model parameters, but this generally leads to a difficult parameter estimation problem that must be solved on-line. In addition(More)
The subject of real-time, steady-state optimization under significant uncertainty is addressed in this paper. Specifically, the use of constraint-adaptation schemes is reviewed, and it is shown that, in general, such schemes cannot guarantee process feasibility over the relevant input space during the iterative process. This issue is addressed via the(More)