Gregory D Rushing

Learn More
PURPOSE Increasing use of implantable bars for minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair has introduced metal allergy (nickel and chromium) to pediatric surgeons. Metal allergy is a well-recognized entity in neurologic, orthopedic, and craniofacial surgery. This study was performed to evaluate metal allergy and its effects on treatment with the Nuss(More)
OBJECTIVE To review current knowledge of hemorrhagic shock and reperfusion injury. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Patients with hemorrhagic shock require optimal resuscitation and cessation of ongoing bleeding. Often our resuscitative measures, while necessary, cause a wide range of detrimental physiologic effects. Research continues to answer questions(More)
INTRODUCTION There is a documented association between critically ill patients who are in refractory shock and adrenal insufficiency. The underlying pathophysiology may be related to ischemia, necrosis, reperfusion, or resuscitative dilution. We hypothesize this blunted adrenal response is due to ischemia and necrosis of the adrenal parenchyma. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE The presence of a pectus excavatum (PE) requiring surgical repair is a major skeletal feature of Marfan syndrome. Marfanoid patients have phenotypic findings but do not meet all diagnostic criteria. We sought to examine the clinical and management differences between Marfan syndrome patients and those who are marfanoid compared with all other(More)
BACKGROUND An isolated arteriole fails to dilate in response to endotoxin unless a segment of aorta is included in the perfusion system. The unknown substance released by the aorta after exposure to endotoxin is dependent upon the NF-kappaB pathway and induces inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the arteriole. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Adrenal insufficiency during sepsis is well documented. The association between hemorrhagic shock and adrenal insufficiency is unclear and may be related to ischemia, necrosis, or resuscitation. This study was designed to determine the incidence of relative adrenal insufficiency in hemorrhagic shock. A retrospective review of a prospectively gathered(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) for categorizing the severity of carotid disease relative to duplex ultrasound scan and cerebral contrast arteriography (CA) to determine if MRA imaging could replace the need for cerebral angiography in cases of indeterminate or inadequate duplex scan(More)
BACKGROUND The role of C-Jun N-terminal Kinase (c-Jun Kinase) in apoptosis is unclear. It is likely that c-Jun Kinase activation is cell type and stimulus dependent. c-Jun Kinase promotes tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha mediated apoptosis in nuclear factor (NF)-KB deficient cells. Minimal NF-KB expression may be enough to abrogate c-Jun Kinase-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND There are a variety of modified elephant-trunk methods, including use of endovascular stents. Our objectives were to classify these modifications, compare outcomes between the classic anastomotic site and these alternatives, and investigate time to second-stage elephant-trunk completion. METHODS From May 1992 to January 2011, 526 patients(More)
Infectious complications in the intensive care unit (ICU) are classically identified when an elevated temperature triggers obtaining cultures. Elevated temperature, however, is a nonspecific marker of infection and may occur well into the course of the infection. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether escalating insulin demands may serve as an(More)