Learn More
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) of the ILC22 type protect the intestinal mucosa from infection by secreting interleukin 22 (IL-22). ILC22 cells include NKp46(+) and lymphoid tissue-inducer (LTi)-like subsets that express the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Here we found that Ahr(-/-) mice had a considerable deficit in ILC22 cells that resulted in less(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether a food variety score (FVS) and/or a dietary diversity score (DDS) are good indicators of nutrient adequacy of the diet of South African children. METHODS Secondary data analyses were undertaken with nationally representative data of 1-8-year-old children (n = 2200) studied in the National Food Consumption Study in 1999. An(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic surgery is safe and effective in the management of common abdominal emergencies. However, there is currently a lack of data about its use for emergency colorectal surgery. We hypothesized that laparoscopy can improve the postoperative outcomes of emergency restorative colon resection. METHODS Adult patients undergoing emergent open(More)
OBJECTIVE This study determined the effect of vascular occlusion on radiofrequency lesion shape, volume, and temperature in a porcine liver model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Radiofrequency lesions (n = 33) were created in the livers of six domestic pigs in vivo using a multiprong radiofrequency electrode. Lesions were randomly assigned to one of four vascular(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been causally associated with at least five human malignancies. The exact contributions made by EBV to these cancers remain unknown. We demonstrate that one viral protein found in all EBV-associated malignancies, Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1), is required for survival of one of these cancers, EBV-positive Burkitt's(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies have reported increased mortality for right-sided colon cancers but had limited adjustment for patient characteristics and conflicting results by stage. We examined the relationship between colon cancer location (right- v left-side) and 5-year mortality by stage. PATIENTS AND METHODS We identified Medicare beneficiaries from 1992 to(More)
BACKGROUND Preventable readmission has become a national focus. It is clear that surgical patients present specific challenges to those interested in preventing readmission. Little is known about this outcome in the emergent population. We are interested in determining if there are readily available data variables to predict risk of readmission. The(More)
PURPOSE Diverticular disease is common in the outpatient setting; yet, rigorous study of diagnosis and management strategies is currently limited to hospitalized patients. Here, we characterize the clinical assessment generating the diagnostic label of diverticulitis in outpatients. METHODS Encounters for diverticulitis were identified using ICD-9(More)
OBJECTIVE Patient satisfaction with the health care experience has become a top priority for Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. With resources and efforts directed at patient satisfaction, we evaluated whether high patient satisfaction measured by HCAHPS (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) surveys correlates with(More)
INTRODUCTION Obesity adds to the technical difficulty of colorectal surgery and is a risk factor for postoperative complications. We hypothesized that obese patients have increased morbidity and poor oncologic outcomes after proctectomy for rectal adenocarcinoma. METHODS Adult patients undergoing total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal adenocarcinoma(More)