Gregory D. Gramstad

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Primary osteoarthritis of the elbow is characterized by painful stiffness, mechanical symptoms, and the presence of hypertrophic osteophytes. Preservation of the joint space is common and may account for the good results that are usually achieved with nonoperative treatment and nonprosthetic arthroplasty. Elbow osteoarthritis typically affects middle-aged(More)
Total elbow arthroplasty remains the most definitive functional procedure for patients with end-stage painful arthritis of the elbow. Complication rates have historically been quite high, and early revision was not uncommon. A greater understanding of elbow anatomy and kinematics has led to advances in prosthetic design and surgical technique. The success(More)
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