Gregory Brown

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Cognitive studies of memory processes demonstrate that memory for stimuli is a function of how they are encoded; stimuli processed semantically are better remembered than those processed in a perceptual or shallow fashion. This study investigates the neural correlates of this cognitive phenomenon. Twelve subjects performed two different cognitive tasks on a(More)
Retrieval of information from episodic memory involves the processes invoked by the attempt to remember (retrieval attempt) as well as processes associated with the successful retrieval of stored information (ecphory). Previous PET studies of memory have shown an activation of the prefrontal cortex in memory retrieval tasks, and we hypothesised that this(More)
This study was designed to test the various proposed explanations (semantic processing, willed action, production of a spoken response) for the unilateral activation of the left prefrontal cortex noted in PET studies of verbal processing. Twenty subjects underwent 15O-water PET scans while undertaking a lexical task (detecting the letter 'a' in visually(More)
OBJECTIVE In the cortex of animals, serotonin (5-HT) levels increase after several weeks of treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Studies using an intrasubject design to examine the effects of SSRI treatment on 5-HT(2A) receptors in the cortex of drug-free depressed patients are needed. In theory, agonist stimulation of 5-HT(2A)(More)
Melatonin, the neurohormone of the pineal gland, is also produced by various other tissues and cells. It acts via G protein-coupled receptors expressed in various areas of the central nervous system and in peripheral tissues. Parallel signaling mechanisms lead to cell-specific control and recruitment of downstream factors, including various kinases,(More)
OBJECTIVE Dysfunctional attitudes are negatively biased assumptions and beliefs regarding oneself, the world, and the future. In healthy subjects, increasing serotonin (5-HT) agonism with a single dose of d-fenfluramine lowered dysfunctional attitudes. To investigate whether the converse, a low level of 5-HT agonism, could account for the higher levels of(More)
Melatonin is a remarkable molecule with diverse physiological functions. Some of its effects are mediated by receptors while other, like cytoprotection, seem to depend on direct and indirect scavenging of free radicals not involving receptors. Among melatonin's many effects, its antinociceptive actions have attracted attention. When given orally,(More)
PURPOSE Melatonin's function in human vision is far from understood, in part because of the lack of information on its cellular targets. Therefore, expression and localization of the MT(1) melatonin receptor in human retina was examined. METHODS Postmortem nonpathologic human eyes from nine donors were investigated, three by reverse(More)
The pineal product melatonin has remarkable antioxidant properties. It is secreted during darkness and plays a key role in various physiological responses including regulation of circadian rhythms, sleep homeostasis, retinal neuromodulation, and vasomotor responses. It scavenges hydroxyl, carbonate, and various organic radicals as well as a number of(More)