Gregory Bannish

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The individual contribution of Igalpha and Igbeta for BCR-triggered fates is unclear. Prior evidence supports conflicting ideas concerning unique as well as redundant functions for these proteins in the context of BCR/pre-BCR signaling. Part of this ambiguity may reflect the recent appreciation that Igalpha and Igbeta participate in both Ag-independent(More)
B-cell development is a highly ordered multistep process dependent upon signals generated by the pre-B and B-cell antigen receptor (BCR). BCR signals drive maturation of the B cell by integrating a number of parallel and sequential biological processes that result in generation of fully immunocompetent B cells. Among these biological processes are positive(More)
Signal transduction through the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) is determined by a balance of positive and negative regulators. This balance is shifted by aggregation that results from binding to extracellular ligand. Aggregation of the BCR is necessary for eliciting negative selection or activation by BCR-expressing B cells. However, ligand-independent(More)
Molecularly engineered antibodies with fit-for-purpose properties will differentiate next generation antibody therapeutics from traditional IgG1 scaffolds. One requirement for engineering the most appropriate properties for a particular therapeutic area is an understanding of the intricacies of the target microenvironment in which the antibody is expected(More)
Our laboratory is interested in a variety of issues related to lymphocyte development. More specifically, we have focused on the processes that regulate the decision to commit to the B lymphocyte (B cell) lineage, then the subsequent signals that are involved in maintaining this commitment to the B cell lineage. These signals result in the positive(More)
Ligand-induced BCR association with detergent-resistant plasma membrane compartments (lipid rafts) has been argued to be essential for initiating and/or sustaining Igalpha/Igbeta-dependent BCR signaling. Because a fraction of the BCR and an even larger fraction of the preBCR associates with lipid rafts in the apparent absence of ligand stimulation, it has(More)
The presence of an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) makes immunoreceptors different from other signaling receptors, like integrins, G-coupled protein receptors, chemokine receptors, and growth factor receptors. This unique motif has the canonical sequence D/Ex(0-2)YxxL/Ix(6-8)YxxL/I, where x represents any amino acid and is present at(More)
The pro-B to pre-B transition during B cell development is dependent upon surface expression of a signaling competent pre-B cell Ag receptor (pre-BCR). Although the mature form of the BCR requires ligand-induced aggregation to trigger responses, the requirement for ligand-induced pre-BCR aggregation in promoting B cell development remains a matter of(More)
This project examines the transcellular membrane protein polarity of bovine aortic endothelial cell (BAEC) monolayers in vitro with respect to the roles that intercellular junctions (as defined by comparing confluent and subconfluent monolayers) and the submembranous cytoskeleton play in controlling this phenomenon. Plasma membrane (PM) proteins obtained(More)