Gregory B. Lesinski

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T cell independent antigens do not require T cell help to induce an immune response, and are characterized by a lack of immunologic memory. These antigens can be divided into two classes, TI-1 or TI-2. TI-1 antigens, such as bacterial lipopolysaccharide, are potent B-cell mitogens, capable of non-specific, polyclonal activation of B cells. In contrast, TI-2(More)
We characterized the biologic effects of a novel small molecule STAT3 pathway inhibitor that is derived from the natural product curcumin. We hypothesized this lead compound would specifically inhibit the STAT3 signaling pathway to induce apoptosis in melanoma cells. FLLL32 specifically reduced STAT3 phosphorylation at Tyr705 (pSTAT3) and induced apoptosis(More)
Our group and others have determined that immune effector cells from patients with advanced cancers exhibit reduced activation of IFN signaling pathways. We hypothesized that increases in immune regulatory cells termed myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) could interfere with the host immune response to tumors by inhibiting immune cell responsiveness to(More)
BACKGROUND Regulation of gene expression by signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) within host tissues mediates the antitumor effects of interferon alfa (IFN alpha). We used a novel flow cytometric assay to examine phosphorylation-mediated activation of STAT1 within immune effector cell subsets following in vitro or in vivo IFN alpha(More)
BACKGROUND To study whether use of β-blockers increases survival in patients with malignant melanoma because experimental data suggest that catecholamine hormones may be involved in stimulating the aggressiveness of malignant melanoma. METHODS A total of 4,179 patients diagnosed with malignant melanoma in Denmark with a median follow-up of 4.9 years and(More)
Curcumin has potential as a chemopreventative and chemotherapeutic agent, but its interactions with clinically relevant cytokines are poorly characterized. Because cytokine immunotherapy is a mainstay of treatment for malignant melanoma, we hypothesized that curcumin could modulate the cellular responsiveness to interferons and interleukins. As a single(More)
Background:Expression of microRNAs (miRs) has been shown to be altered in many solid tumours and is being explored in melanoma. The malignant potential of some melanocytic lesions is difficult to predict. We hypothesised that characterisation of miR expression in borderline melanocytic proliferations would lead to the identification of a molecular profile(More)
Proteins belonging to the suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family have been shown to regulate cytokine signal transduction in various cell types but their role in modulating the response of immune cells to IFN-alpha has not been fully explored. We hypothesized that SOCS proteins would inhibit the antitumor activity of IFN-alpha-stimulated immune(More)
PURPOSE IFN-alpha is administered to melanoma patients and its endogenous production is essential for immune-mediated tumor recognition. We hypothesized that a reduced capacity for signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 activation allows melanoma cells to evade the direct actions of IFN-alpha. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Tyr(701)-phosphorylated(More)
PURPOSE The precise molecular targets of IFN-alpha therapy in the context of malignant melanoma are unknown but seem to involve signal transducers and activators of transcription 1 signal transduction within host immune effector cells. We hypothesized that the in vitro transcriptional response of patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to(More)