Gregory A. Rippon

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BACKGROUND Cognitive impairment is increasingly recognized in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Clinical and pathologic features overlap in frontotemporal lobar dementia and ALS. Demographics, respiratory status, bulbar site of onset, and disease severity are potential risk factors for cognitive impairment in ALS. OBJECTIVES To further(More)
BACKGROUND Factors that modify risk related to APOE variants have been examined primarily in unrelated patients and controls, but seldom in family-based studies. Stroke, vascular risk factors, estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), head injury (HI), and smoking have been reported to influence risk of sporadic but not familial Alzheimer disease (AD). (More)
Residual excessive sleepiness (ES) and impaired cognition can occur despite effective and regular nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) therapy in some patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A pooled analysis of two 12-week, randomized, double-blind studies in nCPAP-adherent patients with ES associated with OSA evaluated the effect of(More)
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is typically manifested by vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, frequent falls early in the disease course, axial rigidity and poor response to levodopa. Prominent anterograde memory dysfunction with subsequent impairment in other cognitive domains is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). No clear clinical syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by memory and visuospatial deficits with relative sparing of personality. Mutations in 3 genes (presenilin 1 and 2 and amyloid precursor protein) are associated with presenile AD. Presenilin 1 gene mutations have not been described in African Americans. METHODS We studied an African American family with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE AD is one of the few leading causes of death without a disease-modifying drug; however, hopeful agents are in various phases of development. MR imaging abnormalities, collectively referred to as amyloid-related imaging abnormalities, have been reported for several agents that target cerebral Aβ burden. ARIA includes ARIA-E,(More)
A 42-year-old, left-handed woman first noted impaired dexterity of the dominant hand, soon followed by dysarthria and cognitive decline. Over a 4-year period, she developed severe left-sided apraxia with eventual neglect of the left arm and progressive extrapyramidal signs. Cognitive testing showed progressive executive, visuospatial, fluency, and naming(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment of excessive sleepiness in the context of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be particularly difficult in those with depression because depression and/or antidepressant medications may cause sleepiness and fatigue in addition to that due to the OSA. This study evaluating armodafinil, a nonamphetamine wakefulness-promoting medication, is(More)
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