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Neutralizing polyclonal antibody to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been shown to be an effective prophylactic agent when administered intravenously in high-risk infants. This study describes the generation of a humanized monoclonal antibody, MEDI-493, that recognizes a conserved neutralizing epitope on the F glycoprotein of RSV. The affinity of(More)
The degree of antigenic relatedness between human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) subgroups A and B was estimated from antibody responses induced in cotton rats by respiratory tract infection with RSV. Glycoprotein-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays of antibody responses induced by RSV infection demonstrated that the F glycoproteins of subgroups(More)
The cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus has provided an animal model of adenovirus pneumonia that permits investigation of the viral gene products required to produce the disease and the molecular mechanisms effecting the damage. This study was carried out to test the hypothesis that early region 3 (E3) of the adenovirus genome plays a critical role in(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with immunoaffinity-purified fusion (F) or attachment (G) glycoprotein was used to measure the serum and secretory immune responses of 18 infants and children, 4 to 21 months of age, who underwent primary infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Most of the 10 older individuals (9 to 21 months of age)(More)
In young infants who possess maternally derived respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) antibodies, the antibody response to RSV glycoproteins is relatively poor, despite extensive replication of RSV. In the present study, it was found that cotton rat RSV hyperimmune antiserum suppressed the antibody response to the RSV glycoproteins but not the response to(More)
Vaccines against parainfluenza (PIV) and respiratory syncytial viruses (RSV) that are currently being developed include both live and subunit vaccines. Candidate live PIV vaccines that have been found to be attenuated and efficacious in rodents or primate models are (1) cold-adapted, temperature-sensitive mutants of PIV-type 3 that have been serially(More)
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) can cause acute upper and lower respiratory tract infections that are particularly severe in young children, elderly subjects, and immunocompromised patients. To date, no treatments or vaccines are available for hMPV infections. Our objective was to assess the inhibitory potential of several peptides derived from the heptad(More)
 The majority of the human population has been infected with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). During a typical primary episode, HSV-1 spreads from the oral pharynx to the trigeminal ganglia, where a latent HSV-1 infection is established. Cold sores at the mucocutaneous junction of the lip are the typical manifestation of recurrent HSV-1. We investigated(More)
A cDNA clone representing the mRNA coding sequence of the fusion glycoprotein (F) gene of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was constructed and inserted into the thymidine kinase gene of vaccinia virus (WR strain) under the control of a vaccinia virus promoter. The resulting recombinant vaccinia virus, vaccinia F, expressed the F1 and F2 cleavage(More)