Gregory A. Harshfield

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The genetic contribution to performance on scales designed to measure mild to moderate decrements in cognitive functioning in a population at risk is unknown. In the present analysis, 134 monozygotic and 133 dizygotic male twin pairs (mean age, 63 years) were given three cognitive tests: the Mini-Mental State examination, the Iowa Screening Battery for(More)
BACKGROUND Despite evidence linking obesity to impaired immune function, little is known about the specific mechanisms. Because of emerging evidence that immune responses are epigenetically regulated, we hypothesized that DNA methylation changes are involved in obesity induced immune dysfunction and aimed to identify these changes. METHOD We conducted a(More)
Differences in blood pressure associated with reported happiness, anger, and anxiety are examined among 90 borderline hypertensives during 24-hr blood pressure monitoring. There were 1152 individual ambulatory blood pressure readings for which subjects classified their emotional state as happy (n = 628), angry (n = 67), or anxious (n = 457) on scales from(More)
We review the evidence for a genetic basis of the cardiovascular and renal stress response. A bio-behavioral model of stress-induced hypertension is presented that explains how repeated exposure to stress in combination with genetic susceptibility might lead to the development of hypertension. In this model, we focus on three underlying physiological(More)
This study assessed cardiac rate and rhythm by ambulatory monitoring in 23 patients with panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks. The patients had a higher than normal mean daily density of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs), but complex ventricular arrhythmias were uncommon. Heart rate was greater during panic intervals than during(More)
OBJECTIVE There is emerging evidence from animal studies suggesting a key role for methylation in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. However, to date, very few studies have investigated the role of methylation in the development of human hypertension, and none has taken a genome-wide approach. Based on the recent studies that highlight the(More)
The genetic influence of ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate was examined in 38 pairs of monozygotic twins, 17 pairs of same-sex dizygotic twins, and 11 pairs of opposite-sex dizygotic twins, all aged 15 or 17 years. The data were analyzed taking into consideration that the response was multivariate (24-h values) instead of the usual univariate(More)
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is the first line of defense in the response to environmental stress through its regulation of second-to-second changes in blood pressure (BP). Both the activity of the SNS and the therapeutic responses to SNS agonists and antagonists are known to be highly variable in the population. "Small" changes caused by single(More)
Sixty-one male subjects with mild untreated essential hypertension were classified by renin-sodium profiling as high renin (HR--13 Subjects), normal renin (NR--33 Subjects), or low renin (LR--15 Subjects). The HR subjects reported significantly more symptoms of sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, paranoia, and psychotic thought than LR subjects on(More)