Learn More
The genetic contribution to performance on scales designed to measure mild to moderate decrements in cognitive functioning in a population at risk is unknown. In the present analysis, 134 monozygotic and 133 dizygotic male twin pairs (mean age, 63 years) were given three cognitive tests: the Mini-Mental State examination, the Iowa Screening Battery for(More)
OBJECTIVE There is emerging evidence from animal studies suggesting a key role for methylation in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. However, to date, very few studies have investigated the role of methylation in the development of human hypertension, and none has taken a genome-wide approach. Based on the recent studies that highlight the(More)
BACKGROUND Despite evidence linking obesity to impaired immune function, little is known about the specific mechanisms. Because of emerging evidence that immune responses are epigenetically regulated, we hypothesized that DNA methylation changes are involved in obesity induced immune dysfunction and aimed to identify these changes. METHOD We conducted a(More)
Differences in blood pressure associated with reported happiness, anger, and anxiety are examined among 90 borderline hypertensives during 24-hr blood pressure monitoring. There were 1152 individual ambulatory blood pressure readings for which subjects classified their emotional state as happy (n = 628), angry (n = 67), or anxious (n = 457) on scales from(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular structure and function in youth with prehypertension have been incompletely investigated. METHODS Casual and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurement, arterial stiffness, noninvasive hemodynamic profiles, and cardiac structure were studied in a twin cohort of American black and white youth (n = 942; mean age, 17.6 +/- 3.3 years(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the genetic contributions to cardiovascular reactivity in an adult cohort of male twins. A total of 47 monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs and 54 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs, aged 59 to 69 years, were laboratory tested at four sites as part of the third examination of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood(More)
Twenty-one percent of 292 patients with untreated borderline hypertension (clinic diastolic blood pressures persistently between 90 and 104 mm Hg) were found to have normal daytime ambulatory pressures (defined from a population of normotensive subjects). These patients were defined as having "white coat" hypertension, and they were more likely to be female(More)
Noninvasive ambulatory blood pressure (BP) recording is now clinically available for the evaluation of hypertensive patients. It is well known that pressures measured in the office or clinic are unreliable and that repeated measurements are better at predicting outcome than are single measurements. Several studies have compared the correlation between(More)
To assess whether echocardiographic and electrocardiographic detection of left ventricular hypertrophy could predict cardiovascular morbid events in patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension, we followed 140 men for a mean of 4.8 years. Initial echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular mass were normal (less than 125 g/m2 body surface(More)
Blood pressure (BP) readings were taken every 15 minutes using a noninvasive ambulatory BP recorder during 24 hours in 25 subjects with normal BP, 25 with borderline hypertension, and 25 with established essential hypertension. Readings were analyzed for four situations: (1) physician's office, (2) work, (3) at home, and (4) asleep. Treadmill exercise tests(More)