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The genetic contribution to performance on scales designed to measure mild to moderate decrements in cognitive functioning in a population at risk is unknown. In the present analysis, 134 monozygotic and 133 dizygotic male twin pairs (mean age, 63 years) were given three cognitive tests: the Mini-Mental State examination, the Iowa Screening Battery for(More)
BACKGROUND Despite evidence linking obesity to impaired immune function, little is known about the specific mechanisms. Because of emerging evidence that immune responses are epigenetically regulated, we hypothesized that DNA methylation changes are involved in obesity induced immune dysfunction and aimed to identify these changes. METHOD We conducted a(More)
Differences in blood pressure associated with reported happiness, anger, and anxiety are examined among 90 borderline hypertensives during 24-hr blood pressure monitoring. There were 1152 individual ambulatory blood pressure readings for which subjects classified their emotional state as happy (n = 628), angry (n = 67), or anxious (n = 457) on scales from(More)
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is the first line of defense in the response to environmental stress through its regulation of second-to-second changes in blood pressure (BP). Both the activity of the SNS and the therapeutic responses to SNS agonists and antagonists are known to be highly variable in the population. "Small" changes caused by single(More)
We review the evidence for a genetic basis of the cardiovascular and renal stress response. A bio-behavioral model of stress-induced hypertension is presented that explains how repeated exposure to stress in combination with genetic susceptibility might lead to the development of hypertension. In this model, we focus on three underlying physiological(More)
Hypertension prevalence is much higher in African-Americans (AAs) than in European-Americans (EAs). It is unknown whether this difference is related to potential ethnic differences in the relative contribution of genes and environment to population variation in blood pressure and underlying hemodynamics. We studied 308 EA and 226 AA twin pairs, including(More)
This study assessed cardiac rate and rhythm by ambulatory monitoring in 23 patients with panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks. The patients had a higher than normal mean daily density of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs), but complex ventricular arrhythmias were uncommon. Heart rate was greater during panic intervals than during(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, predictors of cardiac structure and function in youth are not completely understood. On 2 occasions (2.3 years apart), we examined 146 youth aged initially 10 to 19 years (mean age, 14.2+/-1.8 years). On the initial visit, hemodynamic function was(More)
Noninvasive ambulatory blood pressure (BP) recording is now clinically available for the evaluation of hypertensive patients. It is well known that pressures measured in the office or clinic are unreliable and that repeated measurements are better at predicting outcome than are single measurements. Several studies have compared the correlation between(More)