Gregory A. Clark

Learn More
We studied the use of physiologically based, multisite, intrafascicular electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve to achieve ripple-free contractions and sustained, fatigue-resistant forces over a physiological range of forces in cat gastrocnemius muscle. Electrode arrays containing 100, 0.5-1.5-mm-long penetrating microelectrodes were inserted into the(More)
Recruitment of force via independent asynchronous firing of large numbers of motor units produces the grace and endurance of physiological motion. We have investigated the possibility of reproducing this physiological recruitment strategy by determining the selectivity of access to large numbers of independent motor units through intrafascicular(More)
The production of graceful skeletal movements requires coordinated activation of multiple muscles that produce torques around multiple joints. The work described herein is focused on one such movement, stance, that requires coordinated activation of extensor muscles acting around the hip, knee and ankle joints. The forces evoked in these muscles by external(More)
We developed a multicompartmental Hodgkin-Huxley model of the Hermissenda type-B photoreceptor and used it to address the relative contributions of reductions of two K+ currents, I a and I C, to changes in cellular excitability and synaptic strength that occur in these cells after associative learning. We found that reductions of gC, the peak conductance of(More)
As the field of neuroprosthetic research continues to grow, studies describing the foreign body reaction surrounding chronic indwelling electrodes or microelectrode arrays will be critical for assessing biocompatibility. Of particular importance is the reaction surrounding penetrating microelectrodes that are used to stimulate and record from peripheral(More)
Although asynchronous intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulation (IFMS) can evoke fatigue-resistant muscle force, a priori determination of the necessary stimulation parameters for precise force production is not possible. This paper presents a proportionally-modulated, multiple-input single-output (MISO) controller that was designed and experimentally(More)
In a companion paper we showed that random channel and synaptic noise improve the ability of a biologically realistic, GENESIS-based computational model of the Hermissenda eye to encode light intensity. In this paper we explore mechanisms for noise-induced improvement by examining contextual spike-timing relationships among neurons in the photoreceptor(More)
Peripheral nerve interfaces that can record from and stimulate large numbers of different nerve fibers selectively and independently may help restore intuitive and effective motor and sensory function after hand amputation. To this end, and extending previous work in two subjects, two 100-electrode Utah Slanted Electrode Arrays (USEAs) were implanted for(More)
Because the Hermissenda eye is relatively simple and its cells well characterized, it provides an attractive preparation for detailed computational analysis. To examine the neural mechanisms of learning in this system, we developed multicompartmental models of the type-A and type-B photoreceptors, simulated the eye, and asked three questions: First, how do(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a general term for therapeutic methods that use electrical stimulation to aid or replace lost ability. For FES systems that communicate with the nervous system, one critical component is the electrode interface through which the machine-body information transfer must occur. In this paper, we examine the influence(More)