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We studied the use of physiologically based, multisite, intrafascicular electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve to achieve ripple-free contractions and sustained, fatigue-resistant forces over a physiological range of forces in cat gastrocnemius muscle. Electrode arrays containing 100, 0.5-1.5-mm-long penetrating microelectrodes were inserted into the(More)
We developed a multicompartmental Hodgkin-Huxley model of the Hermissenda type-B photoreceptor and used it to address the relative contributions of reductions of two K+ currents, IA and IC, to changes in cellular excitability and synaptic strength that occur in these cells after associative learning. We found that reductions of [symbol: see text] C, the(More)
Because the Hermissenda eye is relatively simple and its cells well characterized, it provides an attractive preparation for detailed computational analysis. To examine the neural mechanisms of learning in this system, we developed multicompartmental models of the type-A and type-B photoreceptors, simulated the eye, and asked three questions: First, how do(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a general term for therapeutic methods that use electrical stimulation to aid or replace lost ability. For FES systems that communicate with the nervous system, one critical component is the electrode interface through which the machine-body information transfer must occur. In this paper, we examine the influence(More)
Recruitment of force via independent asynchronous firing of large numbers of motor units produces the grace and endurance of physiological motion. We have investigated the possibility of reproducing this physiological recruitment strategy by determining the selectivity of access to large numbers of independent motor units through intrafascicular(More)
We evaluate the encapsulation and packaging reliability of a fully integrated wireless neural interface based on a Utah Slant Electrode Array/integrated neural interface-recording version 5 (USEA/INI-R5) system by monitoring the long term in vitro functional stability and recording longevity. The INI encapsulated with 6 µm Parylene-C was immersed in(More)
High-count microelectrode arrays implanted in peripheral nerves could restore motor function after spinal cord injury or sensory function after limb loss. In this study, we implanted Utah Slanted Electrode Arrays (USEAs) intrafascicularly at the elbow or shoulder in arm nerves of rhesus monkeys (n = 4) under isoflurane anesthesia. Input-output curves(More)
We report a case of a massive haemothorax following bilateral surgical resection of apical bullae. Occult bleeding was not recognized until the onset of a life-threatening circulatory collapse associated with metabolic acidosis and a fall in haemoglobin level. Using a thoracotomy, large amounts of blood were evacuated from the thoracic cavity and bleeding(More)
The enhancement of excitability in type B photoreceptors is an important neural mechanism underlying classically conditioned suppression of phototaxis in the marine mollusk Hermissenda crassicornis. However, the possibility that type B photoreceptors also exhibit synaptic plasticity has not previously been explored. We now report that connections of type B(More)