Gregory A Christoforidis

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study examines whether anatomic extent of pial collateral formation documented on angiography during acute thromboembolic stroke predicts clinical outcome and infarct volume following intra-arterial thrombolysis, compared with other predictive factors. METHODS Angiograms, CT scans, and clinical information were retrospectively(More)
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is an unusual syndrome of postural headache and low cerebrospinal fluid pressure without an established cause. We present four cases, analyze those previously reported in the literature, examine the MRI, CT, angiographic and cisternographic finding and discuss the clinical picture, proposed pathophysiologic mechanisms(More)
PURPOSE High resolution MR images obtained from a normal human volunteer at 8 T are utilized to describe the appearance of iron-containing deep gray nuclei at this field strength. METHOD High resolution (1,024 x 1,024 matrix) near-axial gradient echo images of the deep gray nuclei were acquired on a human volunteer by using an 8 T scanner. The images were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to describe the human leptomeningeal and cortical vascular anatomy as seen at high resolution on an 8 T UHFMRI system. METHOD With a 1024 x 1024 matrix, axial gradient echo images of the cerebral cortex were acquired on a human volunteer at 8 T with TR 500 ms, TE 16 ms, flip angle 22.5 degrees, bandwidth 53 kHz, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The extent of pial collateral formation during acute ischemic stroke has been shown to influence outcomes. This study examines whether angiographic assessment of pial collateral formation is predictive of hemorrhagic transformation following intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rates of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hirayama disease is a nonprogressive cervical myelopathy associated with epidural venous engorgement and spinal canal narrowing. It has been unclear whether dural venous pressure influences spinal cord injury in this illness. CLINICAL PRESENTATION An 18-year-old man presented with profound hand weakness and atrophy that had developed over a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although recanalization is the goal of thrombolysis, it is well recognized that it fails to improve outcome of acute stroke in a subset of patients. Our aim was to assess the rate of and factors associated with "futile recanalization," defined by absence of clinical benefit from recanalization, following endovascular treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic systemic granulomatous disease, recognized in a patient when clinical and radiologic findings are confirmed by histopathologic analysis. The objective was to identify a relationship between MR imaging and clinical findings in CNS sarcoidosis. METHODS The clinical charts of 461 patients with biopsy-proved(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Imaging methods are currently being optimized in an attempt to assess and monitor angiogenesis in vivo. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether areas of apparently increased tumor vascularity, as identified on 8-T gradient-echo (GE) imaging of a known glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), corresponds to foci of increased(More)