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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study examines whether anatomic extent of pial collateral formation documented on angiography during acute thromboembolic stroke predicts clinical outcome and infarct volume following intra-arterial thrombolysis, compared with other predictive factors. METHODS Angiograms, CT scans, and clinical information were retrospectively(More)
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is an unusual syndrome of postural headache and low cerebrospinal fluid pressure without an established cause. We present four cases, analyze those previously reported in the literature, examine the MRI, CT, angiographic and cisternographic finding and discuss the clinical picture, proposed pathophysiologic mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study defines significant thrombolysis associated intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) by identifying an objective threshold volume that predicts clinical deterioration attributable to ICH. METHODS Prospectively collected clinical and radiographic information, from 103 consecutive patients who underwent intraarterial thrombolysis for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The extent of pial collateral formation during acute ischemic stroke has been shown to influence outcomes. This study examines whether angiographic assessment of pial collateral formation is predictive of hemorrhagic transformation following intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rates of(More)
OBJECTIVE Hirayama disease is a nonprogressive cervical myelopathy associated with epidural venous engorgement and spinal canal narrowing. It has been unclear whether dural venous pressure influences spinal cord injury in this illness. CLINICAL PRESENTATION An 18-year-old man presented with profound hand weakness and atrophy that had developed over a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Imaging methods are currently being optimized in an attempt to assess and monitor angiogenesis in vivo. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether areas of apparently increased tumor vascularity, as identified on 8-T gradient-echo (GE) imaging of a known glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), corresponds to foci of increased(More)
We used 8-T high-spatial-resolution gradient-echo MR imaging to directly visualize microvascularity in pathologically proved glioblastoma multiforme. Images were compared with 1.5-T high-spatial-resolution fast spin-echo T2-weighted images and digital subtraction angiograms. Preliminary data indicate that 8-T high-spatial-resolution MR imaging may enable(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic systemic granulomatous disease, recognized in a patient when clinical and radiologic findings are confirmed by histopathologic analysis. The objective was to identify a relationship between MR imaging and clinical findings in CNS sarcoidosis. METHODS The clinical charts of 461 patients with biopsy-proved(More)
Although knowledge of molecular biology and cellular physiology has advanced at a rapid pace, much remains to be learned about delivering chemotherapy and antibodies across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) for the diagnosis and treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disease. A meeting, partially funded by an NIH R13 grant, was convened to discuss the state(More)