Gregorgy Christoforidis

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PURPOSE High resolution MR images obtained from a normal human volunteer at 8 T are utilized to describe the appearance of iron-containing deep gray nuclei at this field strength. METHOD High resolution (1,024 x 1,024 matrix) near-axial gradient echo images of the deep gray nuclei were acquired on a human volunteer by using an 8 T scanner. The images were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to describe the human leptomeningeal and cortical vascular anatomy as seen at high resolution on an 8 T UHFMRI system. METHOD With a 1024 x 1024 matrix, axial gradient echo images of the cerebral cortex were acquired on a human volunteer at 8 T with TR 500 ms, TE 16 ms, flip angle 22.5 degrees, bandwidth 53 kHz, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The extent of pial collateral formation during acute ischemic stroke has been shown to influence outcomes. This study examines whether angiographic assessment of pial collateral formation is predictive of hemorrhagic transformation following intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rates of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although recanalization is the goal of thrombolysis, it is well recognized that it fails to improve outcome of acute stroke in a subset of patients. Our aim was to assess the rate of and factors associated with "futile recanalization," defined by absence of clinical benefit from recanalization, following endovascular treatment of(More)
This work presents a unique single center experience with intra-arterial delivery of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) doses as high as 100mg for thrombolysis. Hemorrhage volumes, hemorrhage rates, clinical outcomes and radiographic outcomes were assessed. Prospectively collected angiographic, clinical and laboratory information on 67 consecutive patients(More)
PURPOSE This study investigates physiologic vital signs in subjects, with and without cerebral pathologies, undergoing ultra-high-field (UHF) 8T MR imaging. METHODS AND SUBJECTS Eighteen normal subjects and 74 subjects with cerebral pathology consented for 8T UHF MR imaging. T2*-weighted gradient-echo and T2-weighted rapid acquisition relaxation(More)
PURPOSE This study sought to determine whether the angiographic demonstration of slow antegrade contrast opacification of an occluded cerebral artery distal to the thrombus (clot outline sign) on cerebral arteriograms performed immediately before thrombolytic treatment is associated with higher recanalization rates relative to patients without antegrade(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Significant 24 h improvement is the strongest indicator of functional recovery following thrombolytic treatment for acute ischemic stroke. This study sought to analyze factors contributing to rapid neurological improvement (RNI) following intra-arterial thrombolytic treatment (IATT). METHODS Angiograms and clinical information(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because alteplase does not penetrate thrombus effectively, this study examined whether a method thought to maximize surface distribution of alteplase on the offending thrombus during IATT would result in greater reperfusion rates in acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Clinical information, arteriograms, and CT scans(More)
A 35-year-old man with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and a massively enlarged skull presented with Lhermitte sensations due to an unstable, mulitseptated, lytic C2/3 vertebral body complex. Enlarged extracranial vasculature made open surgery a high-risk option and limited percutaneous access. A 5F catheter was directed by using a guidewire into the C2/C3(More)
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