Learn More
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells are present in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissue and contribute substantially to both innate and adaptive immunity. Recently, we have described several monoclonal antibodies that recognize a plasmacytoid dendritic cell-specific antigen, which we have termed BDCA-2. Molecular cloning of BDCA-2 revealed that BDCA-2 is a novel type(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells are present in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissue and contribute substantially to both innate and adaptive immunity. Recently, we have described several monoclonal antibodies that recognize a plasmacytoid dendritic cell-specific antigen, which we have termed BDCA-2. Molecular cloning of BDCA-2 revealed that BDCA-2 is a novel type(More)
CD11b+/Gr-1+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) contribute to tumor immune evasion by restraining the activity of CD8+ T-cells. Two major MDSC subsets were recently shown to play an equal role in MDSC-induced immune dysfunctions: monocytic- and granulocytic-like. We isolated three fractions of MDSC, i.e. CD11b+/Gr-1high, CD11b+/Gr-1int, and(More)
We have recently described a panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAb), that recognize two novel leukocyte surface antigens, BDCA-2 and BDCA-4. BDCA-2 is a novel type II C-type lectin specifically expressed by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) that can internalize antigen for presentation to T cells. Furthermore, signaling via BDCA-2 may play a role in(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) are the main type I interferon (IFN-I) producers and play a central role in innate and adaptive immunity. CD303 (BDCA-2) is a type II c-type lectin specifically expressed by human PDC. CD303 signaling induces tyrosine phosphorylation and Src kinase dependent calcium influx. Cross-linking CD303 results in the inhibition of(More)
Vaccination against cancer by using dendritic cells has for more than a decade been based on dendritic cells generated ex vivo from monocytes or CD34(+) progenitors. Here, we report on the first clinical study of therapeutic vaccination against cancer using naturally occurring plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC). Fifteen patients with metastatic melanoma(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) contribute to innate antiviral immune responses by producing type I interferons. Although human pDCs can induce T cell responses upon viral infection, it remains unclear if pDCs can present exogenous antigens. Here, we show that human pDCs exploit FcgammaRII (CD32) to internalize antigen-antibody complexes, resulting in(More)
PURPOSE Thus far, dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy of cancer was primarily based on in vitro-generated monocyte-derived DCs, which require extensive in vitro manipulation. Here, we report on a clinical study exploiting primary CD1c(+) myeloid DCs, naturally circulating in the blood. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Fourteen stage IV melanoma patients, without(More)
The dendritic cell (DC) immunoreceptors (DCIR) and DC-immunoactivating receptors (DCAR) represent a subfamily of cell surface C-type lectin receptors (CLR), whose multifunctional capacities range from classical Ag uptake and immunoregulatory mechanisms to the involvement in DC ontogeny. On the basis of the generation of specific mAbs, we functionally(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) can either be generated from progenitors such as stem cells or CD14+ monocytes, or isolated directly from the blood. Blood-derived DC are present as at least two distinct populations-myeloid and plasmacytoid DC. Here we describe methods for the clinical-grade isolation of blood DC and DC precursors using the CliniMACS. We describe the(More)