Gregor Theilmeier

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Hypoxia stimulates angiogenesis through the binding of hypoxia-inducible factors to the hypoxia-response element in the vascular endothelial growth factor (Vegf) promotor. Here, we report that deletion of the hypoxia-response element in the Vegf promotor reduced hypoxic Vegf expression in the spinal cord and caused adult-onset progressive motor neuron(More)
Aggrecan cleavage by a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 5 (ADAMTS-5) is crucial for the breakdown of cartilage matrix during osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that leads to the progressive destruction of articular structures. The mechanisms of ADAMTS-5 activation and their links to the pathogenesis of(More)
Cardiac rupture is a fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction lacking treatment. Here, acute myocardial infarction resulted in rupture in wild-type mice and in mice lacking tissue-type plasminogen activator, urokinase receptor, matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-1 or metalloelastase. Instead, deficiency of urokinase-type plasminogen activator(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is characterized by an early inflammatory response involving proinflammatory mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipids, which are inactivated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of PAF-AH on injury-induced neointima formation and spontaneous atherosclerosis was(More)
Thrombomodulin (TM) is a vascular endothelial cell (EC) receptor that is a cofactor for thrombin-mediated activation of the anticoagulant protein C. The extracellular NH(2)-terminal domain of TM has homology to C-type lectins that are involved in immune regulation. Using transgenic mice that lack this structure (TM(LeD/LeD)), we show that the lectin-like(More)
UNLABELLED Reliable, repeatable, and time-efficient noninvasive measurement of infarct size in mice with PET would benefit studies aimed at the exploration of biochemical and functional changes associated with acute myocardial infarction (MI). PET with the radioactively labeled glucose derivative (18)F-FDG is used in humans to distinguish between viable but(More)
BACKGROUND Impedance cardiography (ICG) has been used extensively to estimate stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) from changes of thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB). However, studies comparing ICG with reference methods have questioned the reliability of this approach. Electrical velocimetry (EV) provides a new algorithm to calculate CO from(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative myocardial ischemia poses a vital threat to surgical patients. Means to protect postischemic myocardium are clinically not available. Lidocaine has been demonstrated to exert antiinflammatory pleiotropic effects. The authors set out to test if lidocaine protects ischemic myocardium from reperfusion injury. METHOD A mouse model of(More)
BACKGROUND N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor activation contributes to postoperative hyperalgesia. Studies in volunteers have shown that intravenous local anaesthetics (LAs) prevent the development of hyperalgesic pain states. One potential explanation for this beneficial effect is the inhibition of NMDA receptor activation. Therefore, we studied the(More)