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The ability of the shoot apical meristem to multiply and distribute its meristematic potential through the formation of axillary meristems is essential for the diversity of forms and growth habits of higher plants. In the lateral suppressor mutant of tomato the initiation of axillary meristems is prevented, thus offering the unique opportunity to study the(More)
In seed plants, shoot branching is initiated by the formation of new meristems in the axils of leaves, which subsequently develop into new axes of growth. This study describes the genetic control of axillary meristem formation by the LATERAL SUPPRESSOR (LAS) gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. las mutants show a novel phenotype that is characterized by the(More)
In seed plants, shoot branching is initiated during postembryonic development by the formation of secondary meristems. These new meristems, which are established between the stem and leaf primordia, develop into vegetative branches or flowers. Thus, the number of axillary meristems has a major impact on plant architecture and reproductive success. This(More)
The multitude of forms observed in flowering plants is largely because of their ability to establish new axes of growth during postembryonic development. This process is initiated by the formation of secondary meristems that develop into vegetative or reproductive branches. In the blind and torosa mutants of tomato, initiation of lateral meristems is(More)
A 57-kb region of tomato chromosome 7 harboring five different genes was compared with the sequence of the Arabidopsis genome to search for microsynteny between the genomes of these two species. For all five genes, homologous sequences could be identified in a 30-kb region located on Arabidopsis chromosome 1. Only two inversion events distinguish the(More)
During post-embryonic shoot development, new meristems are initiated in the axils of leaves. They produce secondary axes of growth that determine morphological plasticity and reproductive efficiency in higher plants. In this study, we describe the role of the bHLH-protein-encoding Arabidopsis gene REGULATOR OF AXILLARY MERISTEM FORMATION (ROX), which is the(More)
Leaves of seed plants can be described as simple, where the leaf blade is entire, or dissected, where the blade is divided into distinct leaflets. Mechanisms that define leaflet number and position are poorly understood and their elucidation presents an attractive opportunity to understand mechanisms controlling organ shape in plants. In tomato (Solanum(More)
The patterns of axillary bud formation and the growth characteristics of side-shoots determine to a large extent the form of plants. Characterization of mutants in the monopodial plant Arabidopsis thaliana and in the sympodial tomato, as well as cloning of some of the respective genes, contributes to a better understanding of side-shoot development. Genes(More)
Aerial plant architecture is predominantly determined by shoot branching and leaf morphology, which are governed by apparently unrelated developmental processes, axillary meristem formation, and leaf dissection. Here, we show that in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), these processes share essential functions in boundary establishment. Potato leaf (C), a key(More)
There is now ample evidence that plant development, responses to abiotic environments, and immune responses are tightly intertwined in their physiology. Thus optimization of the immune system during evolution will occur in coordination with that of plant development. Two alternative and possibly complementary forces are at play: genetic constraints due to(More)