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FK506 (tacrolimus) is a secondary metabolite with a potent immunosuppressive activity, currently registered for use as immunosuppressant after organ transplantation. FK506 and FK520 are biogenetically related natural products that are synthesized by combined polyketide synthase/nonribosomal peptide synthetase systems. The entire gene cluster for… (More)
FK506 (Tacrolimus) is an important immunosuppressant, produced by industrial biosynthetic processes using various Streptomyces species. Considering the complex structure of FK506, it is reasonable to expect complex regulatory networks controlling its biosynthesis. Regulatory elements, present in gene clusters can have a profound influence on the final yield… (More)
We report the draft genome of Streptomyces rimosus (ATCC 10970), a soil isolate that produces oxytetracycline, a commercially important and clinically useful antibiotic.
Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite causing Chagas disease, contains a number of proteolytic enzymes. The recent completion of the genome sequence of the T. cruzi CL Brener clone suggests the presence of 70 cysteine peptidases, 40 serine peptidases (none of them from the chymotrypsin family), about 250 metallopeptidases (most leishmanolysin homologues), 25… (More)
The genome of Trypanosoma cruzi, the Protozoan parasite causing the American Trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, contains two genes, TcMCA3 and TcMCA5, with homology to those encoding metacaspases, distantly related to the caspases involved in programmed cell death (PCD) in higher eukaryotes. TcMCA3 is present in the CL Brener clone at 16 copies per haploid… (More)
Antimicrobial resistance and the shortage of novel antibiotics have led to an urgent need for new antibacterial drug leads. Several existing natural product scaffolds (including chelocardins) have not been developed because their suboptimal pharmacological properties could not be addressed at the time. It is demonstrated here that reviving such compounds… (More)
FK506, a widely used immunosuppressant, is produced by industrial fermentation processes using various Streptomyces species. Independently of the strain, structurally related compound FK520 is co-produced, resulting in complex and costly isolation procedures. In this paper, we report a chemobiosynthetic approach for exclusive biosynthesis of FK506. This… (More)
Streptomyces rapamycinicus strain NRRL 5491 produces the important drug rapamycin. It has a large genome of 12.7 Mb, of which over 3 Mb consists of 48 secondary metabolite biosynthesis clusters.
Autophagy is the major mechanism used by eukaryotic cells to degrade and recycle proteins and organelles. Bioinformatics analysis of the genome of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi revealed the presence of all components of the Atg8 conjugation system, whereas Atg12, Atg5, and Atg10 as the major components of the Atg12 pathway could not be… (More)
The genome of Trypanosoma cruzi was surveyed for autophagy-related genes. We have identified all the essential genes except for the Atg12 conjugation system and demonstrated functionality of the putative ATG4 and ATG8 homologs. TcAtg4.1 was primarily involved in the proteolytic processing of TcAtg8.1, the ATG8-homolog that was found to be localized to… (More)