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Eukaryotic cells produce a family of diverse inositol polyphosphates (IPs) containing pyrophosphate bonds. Inositol pyrophosphates have been linked to a wide range of cellular functions, and there is growing evidence that they act as second messengers. Inositol hexakisphosphate kinase (IP6K) is able to convert the natural substrates inositol(More)
The development of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is associated with the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a misfolded, pathogenic isoform (PrP(Sc)). Spontaneous generation of PrP(Sc) in inherited forms of disease is caused by mutations in gene coding for PrP (PRNP). In this work, we describe the NMR solution-state(More)
A major focus in prion structural biology studies is unraveling the molecular mechanism leading to the structural conversion of PrP(C) to its pathological form, PrP(Sc). In our recent studies, we attempted to understand the early events of the conformational changes leading to PrP(Sc) using as investigative tools point mutations clustered in the open(More)
The activity of several cytosolic proteins critically depends on the concentration of calcium ions. One important intracellular calcium-sensing protein is α-actinin-1, the major actin crosslinking protein in focal adhesions and stress fibers. The actin crosslinking activity of α-actinin-1 has been proposed to be negatively regulated by calcium, but the(More)
Trop2 is a transmembrane signaling glycoprotein upregulated in stem and carcinoma cells. Proliferation-enhancing signaling involves regulated intramembrane proteolytic release of a short cytoplasmic fragment, which is later engaged in a cytosolic signaling complex. We propose that Trop2 function is modulated by phosphorylation of a specific serine residue(More)
Prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are fatal neurodegenerative disorders associated with the conformational conversion of the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a pathological form known as prion or PrP(Sc). They can be classified into sporadic, inherited and infectious forms. Spontaneous generation of PrP(Sc) in inherited(More)
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders caused by an aberrant accumulation of the misfolded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) conformer, denoted as infectious scrapie isoform or PrP(Sc). In inherited human prion diseases, mutations in the open reading frame of the PrP gene (PRNP) are hypothesized to favor spontaneous generation of PrP(Sc) in(More)
The most common form of prion disease in humans is sCJD (sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). The naturally occurring E219K polymorphism in the HuPrP (human prion protein) is considered to protect against sCJD. To gain insight into the structural basis of its protective influence we have determined the NMR structure of recombinant HuPrP (residues 90-231)(More)
The cellular form of the prion protein (PrPC) is a highly conserved glycoprotein mostly expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems by different cell types in mammals. A misfolded, pathogenic isoform, denoted as prion, is related to a class of neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. PrPC function has not been(More)
A series of doubly cyclopalladated complexes of azobenzene and its unsymmetrical substituted derivatives, namely, {LPdCl(mu-AZB)LPdCl}, where AZB is azobenzene, 4-methylazobenzene, 4-aminoazobenzene, or 4-(dimethylamino)-4'-nitroazobenzene, while L is N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide, or pyridine, have been prepared. Their structural and(More)