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Despite numerous work on spin-lattice (T1) relaxation in vitro, not much attention has been paid on spin-spin (T2) relaxation until now. In this study we are presenting spin-spin relaxation time measurements of mouse liver tissue in order to estimate the time-after-excision effects. The post mortem behaviour of excised tissue was investigated up to four(More)
Systematic investigations have been undertaken in order to evaluate the potential of low resolution NMR for characterization of biological tissue (in vitro) during early post mortem period. Test measurements from corn-oil samples are compared with computer simulated data. Furthermore, time-after-excision dependence of mouse-liver tissue is presented using(More)
The extraction of reliable and useful relaxation time data for tissue characterization by NMR requires strict protocols, optimized for each type of biological tissue, which include parameters like storage duration and temperature as well as measurement parameters. Spin-lattice relaxation times in liver tissue vary not only with NMR frequency but also with(More)
In previous papers relative signal intensity increase was used as a quantitative assessment parameter for contrast uptake in contrast-enhanced MRI. However, relative signal intensity increase does not only reflect contrast uptake but depends also on tissue parameters (native T1 relaxation time) and sequence parameters (repetition time and flip angle); thus,(More)
Giant phospholipid vesicles obtained by the method of electroformation were observed by the phase contrast microscope. Most of these vesicles contain a protrusion which shortens in a slow shape transformation process until it is absorbed into the main vesicle body. We are concerned with the last stages of this shape transformation process, where the(More)
Rotation of giant "point attached" phospholipid (POPC) vesicles in a shear flow was studied. The dependence of the angular velocity on the flow gradient was measured and the experimental results were compared to the predictions of a theoretical model. A good linear correlation between the angular velocity of the vesicle and the flow gradient, as predicted,(More)
The technique of functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) allows the measurement of functional cerebral blood flow changes occurring with specific tasks. However, the spatial relationship between neuronal activity and functional cerebral blood flow changes is not known yet. This study compares the centre of neuronal activation (measured by(More)
The effects of the polyene pore-forming agent nystatin were investigated on individual giant unilamellar phospholipid vesicles (GUVs), made of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), in different methanol-water solutions using phase-contrast optical microscopy. Three characteristic effects were detected in three different nystatin(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of very low ambient illumination and complete darkness on the postural sway of young and elderly adults. Eighteen healthy young participants aged 23.8 ± 1.5 years and 26 community-dwelling elderly aged 69.8 ± 5.6 years were studied. Each participant performed four tests while standing on a force(More)
The influences of ergosterol and cholesterol on the activity of the nystatin were investigated experimentally in a POPC model membrane as well as theoretically. The behavior of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) under osmotic stress due to the formation of transmembrane pores was observed on single vesicles at different nystatin concentrations using(More)